Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2113,   Articles in work: 279 Declined articles: 922 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

French colonial empire: beginning of the end
Filippov Vasilii Rudol'fovich

Doctor of History

lead research associate, the Africa Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences

123001, Russia, Moscow, Spiridonovka st., 30/1, room. 22

fvr1957@mail.ru
Abstract. The subject of this study is the crisis of the French colonial empire, caused by the global geopolitical changes that occurred after the end of the World War II. The author considers such aspects of the problem, as the clash of interests of the largest actors of international relations on the Indochina Peninsula, as well as policy of the world powers with regards to Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. Particular attention is paid to the reasons for the failure of the attempt to implement In Vietnam the doctrine of French neocolonialism, and identification of factors that substantiated the loss of the Fourth Republic in the First Indochina War. In the course of the research, the author used the method of historical reconstruction, which, along with the attraction of new historical sources (materials of the post-war mass media and memoirs) has allowed considering the problem in the context of clashes among mindsets, values structure of French aggressors and Vietnamese patriots. This aspect of the problem has not yet attracted serious attention of the Russian researchers, while it was viewed tendentiously within the French historiography. Conclusion is made that in this war the French individualism, a special relation to individual and values of human life (which in itself is worthy of respect!) was set against a centuries-old tradition of peasant community, in other words, the willingness to sacrifice itself for the common goal.
Keywords: Ho Chi Minh, patriotism, neo-colonialism, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, France, Indochina, Wu Nguyen Zap, Charles de Gaulle
DOI: 10.25136/2409-868X.2017.9.23951
Article was received: 20-08-2017

Review date: 27-08-2017

Publish date: 19-09-2017

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here.

References
1.
Shirer U. Vtoroe peremirie v Komp'ene // Vzlet i padenie Tret'ego reikha. M., «Zakharov». 2009. T.
2.
S. 159-166. 2. Yaponiya i Frantsuzskii Indo-Kitai // Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya na Dal'nem Vostoke (1870—1945 gg.) / Koll. avt. pod obshch. red. E.M. Zhukova. M., Gospolitizdat. 1951. S.485.
3.
Dreifort J.E. Japan's Advance into Indochina, 1940: The French Response // Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 1982. № 13 (2). P. 279–95.
4.
Lerner H. Catroux. Paris, Albin Michel. 1990.
5.
Mozheiko I.V. Zapadnyi veter — yasnaya pogoda. M., Izdatel'stvo «ACT». 2001.
6.
Kadymov G.G. Strany Indokitaya // Politika Frantsii v Azii i Afrike. M., Nauka. 1965. S. 137.
7.
Istoriya V'etnama (seredina XIX — seredina XX v.). Perevod s v'etnamskogo Baksht I.D. i Meshcheryakova V.I. M., Nauka. 1991. S. 306.
8.
Truong V. Vietnam War: The New Legion. V. 1. Trafford, 2010. P. 355.
9.
Mc Cain‏ J. General Vo Nguyen Giap has passed away-brilliant military strategist who once told me that we were an «honorable enemy». URL: https://twitter.com/senjohnmccain/status/386126088243404800
10.
Golovachev O. V'etnamskii general Vo Nguen Zyap — polkovodets aziatskoi tsivilizatsii. URL: https://vrns.ru/history/2188
11.
Istoriya Vtoroi Mirovoi voiny 1939—1945. Pod red. A. A. Grechko. T. 11. M., Voenizdat. 1980. S. 109-114.
12.
Early Days: The Development of the Viet Minh Military Machine. URL: http://indochine54.free.fr/vm/early.html
13.
Shaplen R. The Lost Revolution: The U.S. in Vietnam (1946—1966). New York, Harper Colophon Books. 1966. P. 33.
14.
Isserman M. Vietnam War // Facts On File Inc. 2003. P. 5.
15.
Devillers Ph. Histoire du Viet-Nam de 1940 a 1952. Paris, 1952. P. 139-140.
16.
Kho Shi Min. Izbrannye stat'i i rechi. M., Politizdat. 1959. S. 164.
17.
Gaulle Ch. de. Memoires de gerre. Le salut (1944-1946). Paris, 1959. P. 458-460.
18.
Saynteny J. Histoire d'une paix manquée. Paris, 1953. P. 173.
19.
Lévy R. L'Indochine et ses traites. Paris, 1947. P. 46-47.
20.
Fistié P. Le reveil de l'Extrem-Orient. Paris, 1956. P. 315.
21.
Rivet P. Le drame franco-vietnamien // Cahier internationaux. 1949, juin. P. 51.
22.
Sasorith K.D. Le Laos, son evolution politique, sa place dans l'Union Françqise. Paris, 1953. P.117.
23.
Navarre H. Agonie de l'Indochine (1953-1954). Paris, 1958. P. 68.
24.
Dupont F. Mission de la France en Asie. Paris, 1956. P. 130.
25.
Molchanov N.N. General de Goll'. M., Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. 1972. S. 313.
26.
Laniel J. La drame Indochinois. Paris, 1957. P. 87-88.
27.
Sovetskaya voennaya entsiklopediya. Otv. red. N. V. Ogarkov. T. 3. M., Voenizdat. 1977. S. 276.
28.
Dyupyui R.E., Dyupyui T.N. Vsemirnaya istoriya voin (v 4-kh tt.). T. 4. (1925—1997). SPb., M., «Poligon — AST». 1998. S. 626-627
29.
Balmasov S. D'en-B'en-Fu: podvig i Golgofa frantsuzskogo Inostrannogo legiona // Soldat udachi. 2003. № 12 (111) S.37-40
30.
Podrobno sm.: Lavrishchev A.A. Indokitaiskii vopros posle vtoroi mirovoi voiny. M., 1960.
31.
Accords de Genève sur l'Indochine. URL: https://www.herodote.net/21_juillet_1954-evenement-19540721.php
32.
Filippov V.R. Etnopoliticheskie paradoksy i krizis rossiiskogo federalizma // Federalizm i regional'naya politika v polietnichnykh gosudarstvakh / Filippov V.R., Ismagilova R.N. Moskva, 2001. S. 23-38.
33.
Filippov V.R. Etnichnost' i vlast' v stolichnom megapolise.Ser. Buntuyushchaya etnichnost'. Moskva, 2009.