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The Program for Observation of the State Speech Competence of Preschool Children with Retarded Mental Development of Cerebral Organic Genesis
Larina Lyudmila

Post-Graduate Student at Leningrad State University

196601, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, shosse Peterburgskoe, 10

liuda.larina2017@yandex.ru

Abstract.

The subject of the research is the children with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis. The author of the article examines such aspects as the conditions and indicators for the monitoring of the speech competence of preschool children with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis. Special attention is paid to the interpretation of the concept "speech competence" of a preschooler and description of the components of speech competence subject to exploration in a group of children of preschool age with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis: phonetic-phonological, lexical, grammatical and textual. The method of the research chosen by the author allows to explore the speech competence of the preschool child ( 6-year olds) with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis in several different situations that give a more complete picture about the practical use of speech for this category of children. The author has described the tasks, procedure, conditions and values of observing speech competence of preschool children (6-year olds) with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis in situations of communication with peers and adults. The author proposes to observe these competencies of preschool children with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis in particular situations when they communicate with adults and peers. In particlar, the speech competence of preschool children (6-year olds) with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis was monitored in the following situations: 1) in a situation when an adult does not offer communication; 2) when an adult expresses affection for the fellowship; 3) in a situation when an adult offers communication, organizing the activities of the child, offers to play, to read, to talk. This article was the first to define components of verbal competence of preschool children (6-year olds) with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis: phonetic-phonological, lexical, grammatical and textual components, and developed a program of observations of the children in this category. Thus, for the study of speech competence it is necessary to determine the application features of speech in various situations. This problem is solved by using the method of observation. For effective monitoring of the speech competence of preschool children with retarded mental development of cerebral organic genesis, the author has determined its objectives, procedure, conditions and assessment criteria.

Keywords: communication, observation, mental retardation, text component, grammatical component, lexical component, phonetic-phonological component, speech competence, speech skills, language skills

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0676.2018.1.23955

Article was received:

28-08-2017


Review date:

28-08-2017


Publish date:

21-03-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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