Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1858,   Articles in work: 312 Declined articles: 768 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Self-Respect as a Mediator between Socially Prescribed Perfectionism and Satisfaction with Life
Novgorodova Ekaterina Fedorovna

post-graduate student at Institute for the Humanities, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University

236016, Russia, Kaliningradskaya oblast', g. Kaliningrad, ul. Aleksandra Nevskogo, 14

39psych@gmail.com

Abstract.

The life quality of Russian youth and psychological indicators of improving their life quality still remain nettlesome. One of such indicators is self-respect viewed by the author of the present article. The aim of the research was to build a determination model of subjective well-being for young people. For this purpose, the author carried out an empirical research. The author tested the causal model of mediation of life satisfaction that involves socially prescribed perfectionism as an independent variable and self-respect as a mediator. The research involved 268 vocational students aged 16 - 20 years old (the mean age is 17,3 ± 1,3). Data was collected using the following psychologists tests and inventories: Global Life Satisfaction Scale (S. Yaremchuk), 'Multi-Dimensional Perfectionism Scale' (I. Gracheva) and 'Self-Attitude Inventory (V. Stolin and S. Pantileeva). The results were processed using the correlation analysis and demonstrated that there is a significant co-relation between all variables viewed whereas p=0,001. In particular, satisfaction with life has a negative correlation to self-respect of repondents. Results of the regression analysis of data also demonstrate that self-respect fully conditions the relation between socially prescribed perfectionism and satisfaction with life. Thus, self-respect of an individual is not only associated with the level of satisfactin with life and socially prescribed perfectionism but also determines this co-relation. The author demonstrates that a high level of anxeity and fear not to fulfil expectations of close ones reduces one's satisfaction with life as a result of low self-respect. Consequently, the author of the article proves the improving role of self-respect in the process of regulating the life quality of modern youth. 

Keywords: socially prescribed perfectionism, perfectionism, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, subjective well-being, life quality, causal field, mediating link, youth, education

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8701.2018.1.24174

Article was received:

13-09-2017


Review date:

14-09-2017


Publish date:

22-02-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Andreenkova N.V. Sravnitel'nye analiz udovletvorennosti zhizn'yu i opredelyayushchikh ee faktorov // Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya. 2010. № 99. S. 189-215.
2.
Blinova V.L., Blinova Yu.L. Psikhologicheskie osnovy samopoznaniya i samorazvitiya: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. Kazan': TGGPU, 2009.
3.
Gracheva I.I. Adaptatsiya metodiki “Mnogomernaya shkala perfektsionizma” P. Kh'yuitta i G. Fletta // Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2006. № 6. S. 73-81.
4.
Dzhidar'yan I.A. Psikhologiya schast'ya i optimizma. M.: Izd-vo “Institut psikhologii RAN”, 2013.
5.
Novgorodova E.F. Rol' perfektsionizma v sub''ektivnom blagopoluchii molodezhi // Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya. 2015. № 44. S. 12.
6.
Yaremchuk S.V., Novgorodova E.F. Samorazvitie i sub''ektivnoe blagopoluchie sovremennoi molodezhi: monografiya. M.: NITs INFRA-M, 2015.
7.
Abdallah S., Thompson S., Marks N. Estimating Worldwide Life Satisfaction // Ecological Economics. 2008. № 65. P. 35-47.
8.
Abd-El-Fattah S.M., Fakhroo H.A. The Relationship among Paternal Psychological Control and Adolescents’ Perfectionism and Self-Esteem: A Partial Least Squares Path Analysis // Psychology. 2012. № 3. P. 428-439.
9.
Abolghasemi A., Kiamarsi A., Abdi R. Machiavellianism and perfectionism as predictors of life satisfaction // International Journal of Psychology. 2008. № 2. P. 103-117.
10.
Albano A.R. The relationship among perfectionism, life satisfaction, and socio-emotional variables in gifted children: PhD dissertation. Hofstra University. 2011.
11.
Balatsky G., Diener E. Subjective Well-Being among Russian Students // Social Indicators Research. 1993. № 28. P. 225-243.
12.
Baron R.M., Kenny D.A. The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic, and Statistical Considerations // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1986. № 51. P. 1173-1182.
13.
Bartsch D. Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms and associated clinical features among Australian university students // Clinical Psychologist. 2007. № 11. P. 16-23.
14.
Blore J.D. Subjective Wellbeing: An assessment of Competing Theories: PhD dissertation. Deakin University. 2008.
15.
Bozorgpour F., Salimi A. State Self-Esteem, Loneliness and Life Satisfaction // Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012. № 69. P. 2004-2008.
16.
Çalışandemir F., Tagay Ö. Multidimensional perfectionism and humor styles the predictors of life satisfaction // Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2015. № 174. P. 939-945.
17.
Chang E.C. Perfectionism as a predictor of positive and negative psychological outcomes: Examining a mediation model in younger and older adults // Journal of Counseling Psychology. 2009. № 47. P. 18-26.
18.
Chen S.X., Cheung F.M., Bond M.H., Leung J.-P. Going beyond self-esteem to predict life satisfaction: The Chinese case // Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 2006. P. 24-35.
19.
Diener E. Subjective Well-Being: The Science of Happiness and a Proposal for a National Index // American Psychology. 2000. № 55. P. 34-43.
20.
Flett G.L., Hewitt P.L., Blankstein K., O’Brien S. Perfectionism and learned resourcefulness in depression and self-esteem // Personality and Individual Differences. 1991. № 12. P. 61-68.
21.
Gaudreau P., Verner-Filion J. Dispositional perfectionism and well-being: a test of the 2X2 model of perfectionism in the sport domain // Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology. 2012. № 1. P. 29-43.
22.
Heads A.M., Castillo L.G. Perfectionism and racial identity as predictors of life satisfaction in African American female college students // Interamerican Journal of Psychology. 2014. № 48. P. 269-275.
23.
Huang J.Y., Wang K.Y., Ringel-Kulka T. Predictors of life satisfaction among Asian American adolescents-analysis of add health data // Springerplus. 2015. № 6. P. 216.
24.
Huo Y., Kong F. (2014). Moderating Effects of Gender and Loneliness on the Relationship Between Self-esteem and Life Satisfaction in Chinese University Students // Social Indicators Research. 2014. № 118. P. 305-314.
25.
Joshanloo M., Afshari S. Big Five Personality Traits and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Life Satisfaction in Iranian Muslim University Students // Journal of Happiness Studies. 2011. № 12. P. 105-113.
26.
Klibert J.J., Langhinrichsen-Rohling J., Saito M. Adaptive and Maladaptive Aspects of Self-Oriented versus Socially Prescribed Perfectionism // Journal of College Student Development. 2005. № 46. P. 141-156.
27.
Lyubomirsky S., Tkach C., DiMatteo M.R. What Are the Differences Between Happiness and Self-Esteem? // Social Indicators Research. 2006. № 78. P. 363–404.
28.
Mackinnon S.P., Sherry S.B. Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Mediates the Relationship Between Perfectionistic Concerns and Subjective Well-Being: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study // Personality and Individual Differences. 2012. № 53. P. 22-28.
29.
Matud M.P., Bethencourt J.M., Ibanez I. Relevance of Gender Roles in Life Satisfaction in Adult People // Personality and Individual Differences. 2014. № 70. P. 206-211.
30.
Michalos A. Satisfaction and Happiness // Social Indicators Research. 1980. № 8. P. 385-422.
31.
Moksnes U.K., Espnes G.A. Self-esteem and life satisfaction in adolescents-gender and age as potential moderators // Quality of Life Research. 2013. № 12. P. 654-661.
32.
Oh J.-H., Kim H.-S., Lee J.-H. Asian Cultural Collectivism, Acculturation, and Life Satisfaction among Ethnic Asian Brides in South Korea // Asian Women. 2014. № 30. P. 23-56.
33.
Oishi S., Diener E., Lucas R., Suh E. Cross-Cultural Variations in Predictors of Life Satisfaction: Perspectives From Needs and Values // Personality and Social Psychology Bulleting. 1999. № 25. P. 980-990.
34.
Piccolo R.F., Judge T.A., Takahashi K., Watanabe N., Locke E.A. Core self-evaluations in Japan: relative effects on job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and happiness // Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2005. № 26. P. 965–984.
35.
Rey L., Extremera N., Pena M. Perceived Emotional Intelligence, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction in Adolescents // Psychosocial Intervention. 2011. № 20. P. 227-234.
36.
Runcan P.L., Iovu M.-B. Emotional Intelligence and Life Satisfaction in Romanian University Students: The Mediating Role of Self-Esteem and Social Support // Revista de cercetare si interventie sociala. 2013. № 40. P. 137-148.
37.
Sherry D.L., Sherry S.B., Hewitt P.L., Mushquash A., Flett G.L. The existential model of perfectionism and depressive symptoms: Tests of incremental validity, gender differences, and moderated mediation // Personality and Individual Differences. 2015. № 76. P. 104–110.
38.
Smith M.M., Saklofske D.H., Yan G., Sherry S.B. Cultural Similarities in Perfectionism: Perfectionistic Strivings and Concerns Generalize Across Chinese and Canadian Groups // Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development. 2015. № 1. P. 14.
39.
Stoeber J., Stoeber F.S. Domains of perfectionism: prevalence and relationships with perfectionism, age, gender, and satisfaction with life // Personality and Individual Differences. 2009. № 46. P. 530-535.
40.
Uz-Bas A. Dimensions of perfectionism in elementary school-aged children: the relationship with anxiety, life satisfaction and academic achievement // Education and Science. 2011. № 36. P. 261-272.
41.
Veenhoven R. Are the Russians as Unhappy as they say they are? // Journal of Happiness Studies. 2001. № 2. P. 111-136.
42.
Zhang L., Leung J.-P. Moderating effects of gender and age on the relationship between self-esteem and life satisfaction in mainland Chinese // International Journal of Psychology. 2002. № 37. P. 83-91.