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The History of Using Dogs in Military and Guard Duty in Russia
Bakhareva Anna Yur'evna

PhD Candidate, Department of the Humanities, Russian Customs Academy

 Komsomol'skii prospekt 4, Lyubertsy 140009 Russia

baharevaan@mail.ru

Abstract.

The topic of this research is the history of using dogs in Russia, while dedicating particular attention to the importance of using dogs in patrol and guard duty, in military warfare, and in protecting state borders and conducting customs controls. The principle aim of this article is to undertake an analysis of the possible uses of dogs in the service of man and to study the experience of using them. The author also examines the topic of using dogs during the Great Civil War in Russia. Particular attention is paid to the particularities of the development of service dog breeding in Russia, the usage of service dogs in in law enforcement agencies, including in customs control.
The research was conducted on the principles of historicism and objectivity, and the methodological base of the research is the historical-genetics method, through the help of which the sequential detection of properties, features and changes in the topic under study during the process of its historical movement, allowing to achieve to the greatest extent a reconstruction of the real history of the studied phenomena. The scientific novelty of this study lies in the very way the topic was set: the article carries out an analysis and substantiates the possibilities and ways of using dogs in law enforcement agencies, including in the customs control sphere. The author comes to the conclusion that the use of service dogs remains in demand in all law enforcement agencies. The abilities and capacities of service dogs allow for a more effective prevention, repression and detection of crimes and offenses within the competence of law enforcement agencies. The main contribution of the author in the advanced of the examination of this topic is the study of the ways of using dogs in law enforcement agencies, including the customs control.

Keywords: guard dog, service, dog, customs control, border protection, cutoms security, law enforcement agencies, service dog, abilities of dogs, use of dogs

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0609.2017.6.24266

Article was received:

04-10-2017


Review date:

28-09-2017


Publish date:

17-10-2017


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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