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World Meteorological Organization and decrease of the danger of disasters: activity and cooperation
Abstract.The subject of this research is the activity of the World Meteorological Organization in the area of forecasting the hazardous natural occurrences, and preparation of the states and people to their potential consequences and decrease. The author examines the development of this vector in terms of the World Meteorological Organization and the existing problems of effectiveness. The article analyzes the diverse programs of the Organization aimed at prevention of the hazardous natural occurrences and the disasters caused by them. The author explores the peculiarities of functioning of the Global Framework for Climate Services and the experienced issues in the process of its establishment. Attention is given to the activity of the World Meteorological Organization specifically in the area of prevention of disasters, which is rarely an object of research for scientific publications regarding this international institution. The conducted analysis allowed giving an accurate characteristic to the work of the World Meteorological Organization and its collaboration with the member-states in the field of forecasting of hazardous natural occurrences. The current issues and prospects of the acting international system are determined.
Keywords: forecasting of disasters, natural hazards, international cooperation, disaster reduction, Global Framework for Climate Services , World Meteorological Organization, research activity of WMO, international organization, risk of disaster, reduction of the risk of disaster
Article was received:08-02-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .