Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1858,   Articles in work: 312 Declined articles: 768 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Extremism and Counter-Terrorism Agenda of the UN in the 21st Century
Borisov Denis Alekseevich

PhD in History

Assistant Professor, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management 

630099, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Sem'i Shamshinykh, 26/1, kv. 131

denisborisov69@mail.ru

Abstract.

The article considers the formation of the international approach to counteract extremism under the aegis of the United Nations. The author identifies two stages in this process. The first stage (2001-2014) is characterized by lack of attention of the international community to the problems of extremism, which were treated in the context of counter-terrorism activities during this period. As result, the formulated principles and definitions of the UN counter-terrorism approach were applied in anti-extremist activities by default. However, the spread of destructive international processes in the first decade of the 21st century required a revision of the international community's approaches ensuring international security, especially with regard to countering new threats and challenges. In 2014, the second stage of the development of the international approach to counter extremism began. Issues of countering the spread of violent extremism received special attention within the framework of the UN's counter-terrorism activities. In 2014-2016 the process of developing the legal and regulatory framework for preventing extremism within the UN were launched as the topic of counteraction to extremist activity was included in the agenda of meetings in the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly. The author's contribution to the study of the topic is periodization of the UN activities in the field of countering extremism. The main conclusion of the study is fixation of a new conceptual direction in the UN's counter-terrorism activities, within which prevention of militant extremism becomes a new vector. An important research emphasis of the work is description and analysis of the conceptual frames of the United Nations counter-terrorism and counter-extremist approaches for the international community.

Keywords: counter-terrorism strategy , violent extremism , new threats , international terrorism, international law, international security, definition of terrorism, causes of extremism, extremism , UN

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8671.2018.1.24348

Article was received:

05-10-2017


Review date:

05-10-2017


Publish date:

13-03-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Rezolyutsiya SB OON 1373 (2001) [elektronnyi dokument] // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON. URL: http://www.un.org/ru/sc/documents/resolutions/2001.shtml (rezhim dostupa 01.09.2017).
2.
Doklad Gruppy vysokogo urovnya po ugrozam, vyzovam i peremenam OON Bolee bezopasnyi mir: nasha obshchaya otvetstvennost' A /59/ 565 + Corr. 1 dekabrya 2004 [elektronnyi dokument] // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON. URL:https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N04/602/33/PDF/N0460233.pdf?OpenElement (rezhim dostupa 01.09.2017).
3.
Ivonina O.I., Ivonin Yu.P. Konfiguratsiya novogo miroporyadka: proekty i real'nost' / pod red. O.I. Ivoninoi. Novosibirsk, 2015. S. 292.
4.
A Borisov D., Ivonina O.I. Sovremennye otsenki roli mezhdunarodnykh institutov v obespechenii kollektivnoi bezopasnosti // Vestnik NGUEU. 2011. 2. S. 231-240.
5.
Global'naya kontrterroristicheskaya kontseptsiya OON [elektronnyi dokument] // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON. URL: https://www.un.org/counterterrorism/ctitf/ru/un-global-counter-terrorism-strategy (rezhim dostupa 01.09.2017).
6.
Doklad General'nogo sekretarya OON Deyatel'nost' sistemy Organizatsii Ob''edinennykh Natsii po osushchestvleniyu Global'noi kontrterroristicheskoi strategii Organizatsii Ob''edinennykh Natsii ot 14 aprelya 2014 goda [elektronnyi dokument] // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON. URL: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N14/299/31/PDF/N1429931.pdf?OpenElement (rezhim dostupa 01.09.2017).
7.
Rezolyutsiya SB OON 2178 (2014) ot 24 sentyabrya 2014 goda [elektronnyi dokument] // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON. URL: http://www.un.org/en/sc/ctc/docs/2015/N1454801_RU.pdf (rezhim dostupa 01.09.2017).
8.
Doklada General'nogo sekretarya OON Plan deistvii po preduprezhdeniyu voinstvuyushchego ekstremizma [elektronnyi dokument] // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON. URL:https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N15/456/24/PDF/N1545624.pdf?OpenElement (rezhim dostupa 01.09.2017).
9.
Plan deistvii [elektronnyi resurs] // Ofitsial'nyi sait OON. URL: URL: https://www.un.org/counterterrorism/ctitf/ru/plan-action-prevent-violent-extremism (rezhim dostupa 01.09.2017).