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Law Enforcement System of Quasi-States of Northeast China During the Japanese Occupation: Organizational Bases and Legal Regulation
Abstract.Hereafter, the authors attempt to determine the place of law enforcement agencies in the general system of authorities of quasi-states established in the territory of the northeastern provinces of the Republic of China in the 1930s-1940s. The state system of Manchukuo as the first among similar political formations and the experiment intended to become a visual demonstration of the correctness of the course chosen by the occupation authorities is the object of the study. The subject of the study is the law enforcement system of the kvazi-states of Northeast China on the example of Manchukuo as a "pattern state." The authors of the article give a general description of the state system, determine the authorities that carried out law enforcement activities, analyze their status, the order of formation, functions, and relationships with other state structures. The peculiarity of the law enforcement system was that the administrative division of the quasi-states of Northeast China was not homogeneous: provinces (aimaks, etc.), provinces and cities with special status were taken as independent units. In summary of the article, the authors come to conclusion about the effectiveness of the created system, which ensured the presence of occupation forces on the continent and the smooth functioning of the state apparatus.
Keywords: Mengjiang, Manchukuo, Northeast China, police, forensic police activity, Ministry of Internal Affairs, law enforcement agencies, law enforcement system, Faculty of Law, Japanese occupation
Article was received:14-10-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .