Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1926,   Articles in work: 288 Declined articles: 812 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

The Studies on the Introduction of Fodder Plants by Agrobiologist K. A. Moiseyev in the 1950s-1980s in the Komi Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences
Mironova Natalia

PhD in History

Research Associate, Komi Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

167982, Russia, respublika Komi, g. Syktyvkar, ul. Kommunisticheskaya, 24, of. 311

sidnap@mail.ru
Koroleva Vera

Junior Research Associate, Komi Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

167982, Russia, Respublika Komi, g. Syktyvkar, ul. Kommunisticheskaya, 24, of. 311

kar4@presidium.komisc.ru

Abstract.

The subject of this article is the development of the scientific direction on the introduction of new fodder plants in the Komi Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences during the Soviet era and within the context of the interaction between government and science. The research object of this study is the scientific biography of the scientist-agrobiologist Konstantin Alekseevich Moiseev (1904-1984). On the basis of archival documents, the article analyzes the scientific biography of the scholar and his contribution to the development of a new scientific direction - the introduction of fodder plants in the North. The research is based on the principle of historicism in the analysis of events and phenomena. Additionally, the author uses the methodology of scientific biography, which allows the examination of the scientist's personality in the general historical context. The study's scientific novelty consists in its examination of the scientific biographies of specific scholars who worked during the Soviet era, since through the lens of "scientific" and "personal" biography one can trace the historical background and conditions, socio-cultural orientations and values of the time. These questions are covered in the article on the example of the scientific biography of K. A. Moiseyev, whose life and activity is closely tied to the history of the foundation and development of scientific studies in the North in general and in Komi Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Academy of Sciences in particular. The analysis of the scientific biography of this scholar has allowed to trace not only the vicissitudes of the becoming and the professional growth of a specific person, but also gave the possibility to demonstrate the most general processes of interaction between science, the Soviet state, the official ideology and the personality of the scholar during various periods of time: from the fall and accusations at the end of the 1940s to the universal recognition and fame in the 1970s-1980s.

Keywords: Komi branch, scientific biography, introduction, fodder plants, ideology, Soviet state, Heracléum sosnówskyi, Soviet scientist, popularization, Konstantin Alekseevich Moiseev

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0609.2017.6.24447

Article was received:

18-10-2017


Review date:

25-10-2017


Publish date:

13-02-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Petrovskaya I.F. Biografika: Vvedenie v nauku i obozrenie istochnikov biograficheskikh svedenii o deyatelyakh Rossii 1801-1917 godov.-SPb.: Logos, 2003.
2.
Mishurov V.P., Skupchenko L.A. Konstantin Alekseevich Moiseev. Syktyvkar: Komi nauchnyi tsentr UrO RAN. Seriya Lyudi nauki. Vyp.10.-1995. 40 s.
3.
Lichnye fondy Nauchnogo arkhiva Komi nauchnogo tsentra Ural'skogo otdeleniya RAN. Spravochnik po fondam. Syktyvkar: Komi nauchnyi tsentr Ural'skogo otdeleniya RAN. 2007. 176 s. S.60-64.
4.
Dokumental'naya istoriya Komi nauchnogo tsentra Ural'skogo otdeleniya RAN. Komi filial AN SSSR v 1944-1965 gg. Syktyvkar: Komi nauchnyi tsentr Ural'skogo otdeleniya RAN. 2009.-456 s. S.397.
5.
Dokumental'naya istoriya Komi nauchnogo tsentra Ural'skogo otdeleniya RAN. Komi filial AN SSSR v 1965-1987 gg. Syktyvkar: Komi nauchnyi tsentr Ural'skogo otdeleniya RAN. 2011. 554 s. S.466.
6.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.1. Op. 1. D.1-846.
7.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.1. Op. 4. D.1-178.
8.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.1. Op. 3. D.1-350.
9.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.3. Op. 1. D.1-350.
10.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN.F.3. Op. 2. D.1-473.
11.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN.F.24. Op. 2. D.3 L. 1-3.
12.
Korotkova T. U vysshego predela.-Pamyatniki Otechestva: Serdtse Povolzh'ya.-M.: Pamyatniki Otechestva, 1998. // Letopis' Saratovskoi gubernii. Rezhim dostupa: http://elsso.ru/cont/ppl/211.html (data obrashcheniya: 05.04.2017)
13.
Kuras M. V. Istoricheskie aspekty ispol'zovaniya otechestvennykh vidov rastitel'nogo syr'ya dlya promyshlennogo proizvodstva natural'nogo kauchuka i spirta. Avtoref. dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk. Ufa, 2008.-16 s.
14.
Lapin A.K. Kul'tura kauchukonosov // Sel'skoe khozyaistvo SSSR. Ezhegodnik 1935. M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo kolkhoznoi i sovkhoznoi literatury Sel'khozgiz.-1468 s.-S. 65-74. S. 65.
15.
Vsesoyuznyi institut rastenievodstva // Zooinzhenernyi fakul'tet MSKhA. Elektronnyi resurs: http://www.activestudy.info/vavilov-vsesoyuznyj-institut-rastenievodstva/
16.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN F.24. Op.3. D.4.
17.
NA Komi NTs Uro RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.5. L.1-2.
18.
NA Komi NTs Uro RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.2. L.7.
19.
Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (1887-1943 gg.). Materialy k biobibliografii uchenykh SSSR. Seriya biologicheskikh nauk. Genetika, vyp. 4. M., Nauka, 1987 . 166 s.-S. 13.
20.
Akademicheskii tsentr v Komi ASSR v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny: uchenyi i voina (1941-1945 gg.). Sbornik dokumentov i materialov. Syktyvkar: Komi nauchnyi tsentr UrO RAN. Vyp.2. 2005. 102 s.
21.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.35. L. 7.
22.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.32. L. 1-3.
23.
O polozhenii v biologicheskoi nauke. Stenograficheskii otchet sessii Vsesoyuznoi akademii sel'skokhozyaistvennykh nauk im. V.I. Lenina, 31 iyulya-7 avgusta 1948 g. Elektronnyi resurs: http://lib.ru/DIALEKTIKA/washniil.txt_with-big-pictures.html (Data obrashcheniya: 29.05.2017)
24.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.1. Op.1. D.125. L.35.
25.
Akhiezer A.S. Nauka i ideologiya// Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost'.-1991.- 1.-S. 83-89.
26.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.10. L. 1-3.
27.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.13. L. 1.
28.
Vavilov Petr Petrovich.-Moskovskaya ordena Lenina i ordena Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni Sel'skokhozyaistvennaya akademiya im. K.A. Timiryazeva.-M., 1978. 42 s.
29.
Zaboeva I.V., Popova O.N., Shvetsova V.M. Petr Petrovich Vavilov. Komi nauchnyi tsentr UrO RAN. Seriya Lyudi nauki.-Vyp.7.-Syktyvkar, 1994 56 s.
30.
Surovikina V.I. Svet Polyarnoi zvezdy. Vavilov Petr Petrovich. Volgograd: Panorama, 2014. 104 s.
31.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.15. L. 8.
32.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.11. L. 1-2.
33.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.24. Op.2. D.12.
34.
Shubin A.V. Vizit Khrushcheva v SShA v 1959 g. // Vsemirnaya istoriya. Entsiklopediya. Rezhim dostupa: http://w.histrf.ru/articles/article/show/vizit_khrushchiova_v_ssha_v_1959_g (Data obrashcheniya: 25.09.2017)
35.
NA Komi NTs UrO RAN. F.3. Op.1. D.21. L. 31.
36.
Gel'tman D.V. Borshchevik Sosnovskogo na Severo-Zapade Rossii // Doklad. Kruglyi stol Biologicheskie invazii poisk putei resheniya problemy, 2007. Elektronnyi resurs: http://www.zin.ru/conferences/rtable2007/pdf/doklad_geltman (data obrashcheniya: 19.06.2017)
37.
Luneva N.N. Borshchevik Sosnovskogo v Rossii: sovremennyi status i aktual'nost' ego skoreishego podavleniya // Vestnik zashchity rastenii. 2013.-1 S. 29-43.