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Ski Training in the Divisions of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs of the Far East in the 1930s-1940s
Abstract.This article focuses on the issue of the formation of ski training and the development of mobility skills during the winter period in the divisions of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs of the Far East in the 1930s-1940s. The authors analyze the development stages of ski training in the internal affairs agencies during the pre-war and war periods. The threat of Japanese invasion in 1941-1942 into the territory of the Soviet Far East contributed to the intensification of professional training among members of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs. The article is dedicated to a detailed analysis of the formation and special preparation of fighter squads of skiers aimed at combatting paratroopers of German-Fascist invaders and their allies in the years of the Great Patriotic War in 1941-1945. The methodology and main research methods are the fundamental principles and methods of scientific research, specifically: objectivity, comprehensiveness, and historicism. The principle of historicism gave the possibility of examining ski training at the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs as a significant part of the professional training of members of the agencies of internal affairs. The study's main conclusions are the inference that the results of the Soviet-Finnish campaigns and military clashes with German-Fascist troops led to the activation of ski preparation training among members of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs. The particular contribution of the authors to the study of this topic is the introduction into scientific circulation of previously unknown to the scientific community documents, which are preserved in the archive of the Informational Center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for the Khabarovsk krai. The study's novelty lies in that the authors demonstrate the positive dynamics of ski preparation and the development of mobility skills during the winter period of the members of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs during the pre-war and war periods.
Keywords: People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs, Far East, fighter battalions, staff competition, Great Patriotic War, composition of cadre, winter period, skills development, professional training, ski training
Article was received:31-10-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .