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The Contractual Mechanism for Ensuring the Russian Strategic Presence in the Far East (on the Example of the Chinese Eastern Railway)
Abstract.The subject of this study is the treaties and agreements that served as the normative basis for the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway, one of the most successful foreign policy enterprises of the Russian Empire at the turn of the 19th – 20th centuries. The object of this study is the Russian national interests in the Far East. The railway project presented in the form of a concession solved several important geopolitical and strategic problems, among which the provision of the security of the Far Eastern borders of the empire, transport accessibility and access to the non-freezing ports of the Eastern seas were of primary importance. The methodology of this study involved an analysis of the treaties and agreements concluded between Russia and the Chinese side, as a result of which the Chinese Eastern Railway was built and successfully functioned for 40 years. For the first time, an attempt has been made to implement a systematic analysis of Russia's participation in the international relations in the Far East through the mechanism of concluding international treaties and agreements. Acting as the normative basis of Russian policy in the region, the author presents them for the first time as part of a comprehensive mechanism for ensuring national interests and also comes to the conclusion that the railway line was tied to the power of Russia, the presence of her own interests on the territory of Northeastern China and the ability to defend them.
Keywords: Chinese Eastern Railway, concession, Far East, Russian world, Russian empire, China, East Asia, Manchukuo, USSR, contract
Article was received:15-11-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .