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Job market issues in the conditions of intense labor migration as a threat to China’s domestic stability
Abstract.The subject of this research is the job market issues associated with the internal labor migration that has taken unprecedented scale in China, as well as viewed in the context of domestic threats to national security of the country. The object of this research is the Chinese labor market, transforming under the influence of the development of internal migration. In the course of its economic development and restructuring, modern China faces the acute social problems caused by the differentiation of personal income, poverty, exploitation of workers, and in turn, provoking social strain. The goal of the work consists in determination of the key problems of China’s job market in the conditions of heavy labor migration that represents a threat to the domestic stability of the country. Methodological foundation of the research contains the positions of modern theory of market economy, particularly the job market; migration systems theory; concept of national security; system approach and statistical analysis. The article substantiates the relevance of examining the job market in terms of active internal migration for modern China, highlights the basic trends in development of job market, identifies and studies the key job market issues alongside their correlation with the threat to domestic security of the country, introduces the main directions for solving the indicated issues. Among such problems, the author underline the extremely long duration of the working day, lack of full-fledged social security of the workers and especially migrants, discrimination in employment sector, lack of professional education, work-related diseases and problems with upbringing and education of children.
Keywords: situation with Chinese migrants, unemployment in China, China’s social problems, China’s domestic stability, labor migration in China, internal labor migration, job market issues, China’s job market, discrimination of Chinese migrants, children of migrants
Article was received:12-11-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .