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The Ideological Aspects of the Georgian-Abkhazian and Georgian-Ossetian Matters in 1989-1991
Abstract.The subject of this article are the issues of the ideological support for the conflict situation in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1989-1991. The author set before himself the goal of identifying the main directions and aspects of the activities of the national movements in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic in the period of the acute escalation of ethnopolitical tensions. On the basis of legislative acts issued by the leadership of the USSR, of program documents of the Abkhaz, Georgian and Ossetian national movements, as well as of statistical data, the author dedicates attention to the examination of the situation without touching upon the issues of the Abkhaz and Ossetian wars. The methodological basis of this study is constructed on the comparative-historical approach, within the framework of which the author tries to understand what was the ideological motive in the opposition of the principal counterparts of the conflict situation. The study's conclusion is that at the heart of the national rhetoric of the representatives of the opposition movement in Georgia lay the idea of the redistribution of the political and economic powers of the republic which affected the interests that were then part of Soviet Georgia, national autonomies, and in particular the Abkhaz and Ossetian autonomies. The fears evoked by the activities of the Georgian opposition prompted representatives of the cultural and political intelligentsia of the Abkhaz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast to join the opposition, advocating the maintenance of national sovereignty. The study's contribution to this topic is the possibility of using the materials presented in this article in the development of courses in the history of the countries of the Russian near abroad, as well as the history of Georgia and the history of these unrecognized republics. The scientific novelty of this study lies in its examination of the history of the ideology of national movements in the late period of the USSR, which has not been sufficiently represented in Russian historiography.
Keywords: national question, autonomous republic, USSR, ethnopolitics, South Ossetia, ideology, self-determination, nationalism, Georgia, Abkhazia
Article was received:11-12-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .