Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1911,   Articles in work: 307 Declined articles: 810 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

The last summer residence of the Emperor Nicholas II: role of engineering infrastructure in formation of the “Lower Dacha” in Alexandria Park of Petergof
Uzhgerenas Mariya Petrovna

Docent, the department of Architectural Engineering, Institute of Architecture and Design, Siberian Federal University

660 041, Russia, Krasnoyarsk, Prospekt Svobodnyi 82 A, building #24 A, office #6-17

uz-gera31@mail.ru

Abstract.

This article examines the question regarding the preservation of the object of cultural heritage “Lower Dacha” in Saint Petersburg (town of Petergof, Alexandria Park). In the course of architectural and archeological explorations, have been discovered the remnants of the underground engineer communications of sewerage through ceramic pipes. Such discovery confirms the assumption that the construction of buildings at the lower terrace of the park in the riverine conditions of shallow water and spring flowage was possible in terms of solving a number of engineering and ecological tasks. The article applies the system-structural method of studying the archival funds that contain geographical materials of engineering and executive documentation, photo images, explanatory notes, as well as bills for construction supplies and executed services. The result of the research lies in determination of the role of engineering infrastructure in establishment and development of the architectural complex “Lower Dacha” – as the basic document to justification of its historical and cultural values and need for its preservation. Despite the fact that it was not the primary residence of the Emperor Nicholas II, but rather the favorite country retreat of the family, signifying the birth of three daughters of the Emperor and the crown prince Alexey, it symbolizes multiple remarkable memories and events in the history of Russia.

Keywords: underground clay water pipe, architect Tomishko, Lower Dacha, object of cultural heritage, Alexandria Park, Peterhof, riverine territory, archives, channel, harbour

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2018.1.24891

Article was received:

05-01-2018


Review date:

03-12-2017


Publish date:

25-01-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Uzhgerenas M. P., Pridantseva N. A. Istoriko-arkhivnye issledovaniya — klyuch k ponimaniyu rezul'tatov obsledovaniya ob''ekta kul'turnogo naslediya // Obsledovanie zdanii i sooruzhenii: problemy i puti ikh resheniya: Materialy VII mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii / FGAOU VO Sankt-Peterburgskii politekhnicheskii un-t (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 13-14 oktyabrya 2016 goda). SPb., 2017. S. 262-269.
2.
Kol'tsov Yu. V. Petergofskii desant. SPb.:Gangut, 2010. 310 s.
3.
Shemanskii A., Geichenko S. Istoriko-bytovoi muzei v Petergofe (bol'shoi dvorets). L. 1930. 56 s.
4.
Shemanskii A. Petergofskie dvortsy-muzei. Nizhnii dvorets. Dacha Nikolaya II. L. 1935. 16 s.
5.
Kargapol'tsev S. Yu., Kargapol'tsev M. Yu., Biryukova I. N. Raskopki v Petergofskoi Aleksandrii (itogi sezona 2003 goda), chast' II // Relikviya (Restavratsiya. Konservatsiya. Muzei). 2004. № 2 (5). S. 52-56.
6.
Boitsova E. V. Etapy formirovaniya kompleksa Nizhnei dachi v Petergofe // Poslednie Romanovy i imperatorskie rezidentsii v kontse XIX – nachale XX veka: materialy (VII) nauchnoi konferentsii (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 19-20 noyabrya 2009 goda). SPb.: Ales, 2009. S. 42-57.
7.
Semenov S. A., Garbuz I. A., Eremeev I. I. Issledovaniya territorii dvortsovogo kompleksa «Nizhnyaya dacha» v parke Aleksandriya GMZ «Petergof» v 2012-2013 gg. // Byulleten' Instituta istorii material'noi kul'tury Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. Tom 5. Okhrannaya arkheologiya. 2013. S. 25-48.
8.
Isachenko V. G. Zodchie Sankt-Peterburga XVIII-XX vv. M.: Tsentrpoligraf, 2010. 416 s.
9.
Punin A. L. Arkhitektura Peterburga serediny XIX veka. L.: Lenizdat, 1990. 351 s.
10.
Borisova E. A. Russkaya arkhitektura vtoroi poloviny XIX veka. M.: Nauka, 1979. 360 s.
11.
Kormil'tseva O. M., Leont'ev A. G., Petrova M. A. Uspet' porabotat' dlya vechnosti… SPb., 2009. S. 96-97.
12.
Kormil'tseva O. M. Rol' K. D. Khalturina v razvitii poslevoennoi restavratsii // Poslevoennaya restavratsiya: vek nyneshnii i vek minuvshii: sbornik statei po materialam nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii; GMZ «Petergof». SPb., 2010. S. 206-211.
13.
Leont'ev A. G. K istorii formirovaniya printsipov i metodologii Leningradskoi restavratsionnoi shkoly. Sobytiya, pamyatniki, biografii // Poslevoennoe vosstanovlenie pamyatnikov. Teoriya i praktika XX veka: materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii, 4-5 dekabrya 2014 goda / Gos. ist.-khudozh. Dvortsovo-parkovyi muzei-zapovednik «Gatchina» i dr. SPb., 2014. S. 105-130. (S. 117-118).
14.
Kedrinskii A. A., Kolotov M. G., Ometov B. N., Raskin A. G. Vosstanovlenie pamyatnikov arkhitektury Leningrada. L., 1983. 312 s.
15.
Leont'ev A. G. K istorii formirovaniya printsipov i metodologii Leningradskoi restavratsionnoi shkoly. Sobytiya, pamyatniki, biografii // Poslevoennoe vosstanovlenie pamyatnikov. Teoriya i praktika XX veka: materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii, 4-5 dekabrya 2014 goda / Gos. ist.-khudozh. dvortsovo-parkovyi muzei-zapovednik «Gatchina» i dr. SPb., 2014. S. 105-130. (S. 118-119).
16.
Arkhiv gosudarstvennogo muzeya-zapovednika (GMZ) «Petergof», g. Sankt-Peterburg, g. Petergof. Inv.№ PDMP-723ar.
17.
Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi istoricheskii arkhiv (RGIA), g. Sankt-Peterburg. F. 468 (Kabinet Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva MID). Op. 15. D. 960. L. 215-217ob.
18.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 687.
19.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». PDMP-2165ar.
20.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». R-469. S. 4, 247.
21.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». PDMP-735ar.
22.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». PDMP-1258ar.
23.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». PDMP-1266ar.
24.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». PDMP-1300ar.
25.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 960. L. 3, 3ob.
26.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 960. L. 13, 13ob.
27.
Arkhiv GMZ Petergof», PDMP-964ar.
28.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 50, 50ob.
29.
Arkhiv GMZ Petergof», PDMP-1328ar.
30.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 960. L. 228, 228ob.
31.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof», PDMP-1325ar.
32.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 960. L. 215-217ob.
33.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 68.
34.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 224, 446, 446ob.
35.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 962. L. 490-492.
36.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 963. L. 185-189ob.
37.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 47-48ob.
38.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961, L. 69.
39.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961, L. 61, 62ob.
40.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 960. L. 249, 249ob.
41.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 57
42.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 67, 67ob, 68
43.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 198, 225.
44.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 94-95, 96.
45.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 158, 436, 436ob.
46.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 961. L. 434.
47.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 962. L. 281, 287, 287ob.
48.
RGIA. F. 468. Op. 15. D. 962. L. 564.
49.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». PDMP-954ar.
50.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». PDMP-958ar.
51.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». PDMP-5128ar.
52.
Arkhiv GMZ «Petergof». R-337a. 113 s.