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Vyatka Local Studies in the 1920s: Historical and Documentary Heritage and Questions of Archeography
Abstract.The subject of this article is the work of Vyatka local historians (N. M. Karinsky, V. A. Tanaevsky, P. N. Luppov) in the first post-revolutionary decade in the study of the history, ethnography and culture of the peoples of the Ural-Volga region with the aim of tracing and preserving parts of oral folk traditions, knowledge and information objectively set up to be organically lost under the conditions of the large-scale social cataclysms of the late 19th - first third of the 20th centuries. Their work was carried out by developing plans and questionnaires to collect data directly from the public. The aim of the here-presented article is to determine the origin, composition and informational resources of documentary collections formed as a result of the work of the Vyatka Scientific Research Institute of Local History. The research was carried out on the basis of the most complete detection of primary historical and ethnographical materials in archival depositories, in contemporary and retrospective publications, with consequent textual and archaeographic analysis, source study and identification of informational opportunities. The article's author established that the work of the Institute of Local Studies in Vyatka in the study of the peoples of the region is most fully reflected in the materials of the Udmurt Institute of History, Language and Literature of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the state archive of the Kirov region and the State Archives of the Russian Federation, and local history periodicals of the 1920s. The most interesting of the identified sources are the questionnaires on the daily life of the regional peasantry, the existence of customary laws in the Soviet pre-kholkhoz villages and the "ethnographic break" in the culture and traditions of rural residents at the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries. The particular value of the identified sources lies in the uniqueness of the information they carry, as well as in the aim of the survey organizers to take into account the complex ethnic composition of the local population.
Keywords: revolution, peasantry, archeography, historical and documentary heritage, Luppov, Tanaevsky, Karinsky, local studies, Ural-Volga region, Vyatka region
Article was received:08-12-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .