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Calling and activity in the context of anthropological problematic
Gurianov Aleksei Sergeevich

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy and Media Communications, Kazan State Energy University

420034, Russia, the Republic of Tatarstan, Kazan, Krasnoselskaya Street 51



The author examines the category of activity in the context of its anthropological meaning. Although activity within the framework of national philosophy and psychology is traditionally considered as specifically inherent to human, its application in speculative dialectics of Hegel and natural language exceeds the indicated boundaries. The goal of this article lies in clarification of the traditional Marxist approach towards determination of the human essence, due to which it is suggested to use the category of calling for emphasizing the subjective character of definition of a human as an ensemble of social relations. Methodology implies the methods of analysis and synthesis for examining the content of the category of “activity” and its relation to other adjacent notions. The scientific novelty consists in identification of heuristic potential of the category of “calling”: as a personal choice of activity that reveals the creative, undisposed and free character of activity of a human engaged in his socio-historical being, in other words, from the perspective of his individual, rather than social being. Only in this existential realm, the activity carries an actual anthropometric rather than sociologizing character. The category of calling can be used as explanatory in the studies in the category of activity within philosophical anthropology and psychology.

Keywords: topos, spirit, social relations, subjectivity, dialectic, act, status, calling, activity, anthropomorphism



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