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Typology of the teachings on intellectual virtues
Abstract.The concept of intellectual virtue after prolonged neglect has regained popularity within the modern epistemology of the virtues (E. Sosa, L. Zagzebski). Unlike the traditional theory of cognition with its focus on the epistemic characteristics of reasoning (persuasions, propositions), epistemology of the virtues places emphasis on the intellectual arête (perfections, virtues) of a cognizing subject. At the same time, the question of according to which principle certain qualities must be included into the list of intellectual virtues, continuous to remain relevant. The goal of this article consists in demonstrating of the ability of various optics, through which can be examined such phenomenon as the intellectual virtues. As methodology, the author selected the concept of G. G. Mayorov regarding the three types of philosophizing that lean on the Greek notions indicating the intellectual arête that form their original teachings on the intellectual virtues: technē (technemology), episteme (epistemology), sophia (sophiology). Sophiology of the virtues implies intellectual contemplation, practical wisdom; epistemology of the virtues implies two groups of qualities: the virtues of reliability (excellent vision, memory, etc.) and the virtues of responsibility (intellectual humbleness, intellectual autonomy, etc.); technemology of the virtues implies intellectual equilibristic, intellectual adroitness, intellectual acrobatics.
Keywords: virtue epistemology, epistemology, techne, episteme, sophia, arête, intellectual virtues, virtues, aretaic epistemology, wisdom
Article was received:20-12-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .