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The First Liberian Civil War: regional aspect
Denisova Tatyana Sergeevna

PhD in History

Lead Research Associate, the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences

123001, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', Moscow, Spiridonovka St., 30/1


The First Liberian Civil War which started in late 1989 and ended in 1997 with the election of Charles Taylor, the leader of one of the armed rebel factions, the President of the country, is the subject of study. The victims of the conflict count in 150 thousands, and over a million people became refugees. The author examines various aspects of contribution of Liberia's neighbor countries - the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the Republic of Sierra Leone, the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, the Republic of Guinea, the Republic of The Gambia, the Republic of Ghana, as well as the USA and France. Over the course of the research the author used the comparative and historical method, and the methods of historical analysis that allowed him to study the regional aspects of the Liberian conflict, and the efforts of the peacekeeping mission of The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), mostly the Nigerian military detachment, and the contribution of the UN in the resolution of the Liberian political crisis. The author addresses a seldom-studied issue of the formation of an economy of war during African conflicts (Liberian, in this case), which involves, among other things, the plundering of natural resources of the state in conflict, and the rapid growth of contraband of various resources, as well as weapons, drugs and other merchandise, by all armed sides of the conflict, as well as regional participants, including the peacekeepers.

Keywords: economy of war, peacekeeping mission, military-political conflict, ECOWAS, Nigeria, Liberia, Africa, political leadership, regional aspects of the conflict, Charles Taylor



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