Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1912,   Articles in work: 310 Declined articles: 803 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

The First Liberian Civil War: regional aspect
Denisova Tatyana Sergeevna

PhD in History

Lead Research Associate, the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences

123001, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', Moscow, Spiridonovka St., 30/1

tsden@hotmail.com

Abstract.

The First Liberian Civil War which started in late 1989 and ended in 1997 with the election of Charles Taylor, the leader of one of the armed rebel factions, the President of the country, is the subject of study. The victims of the conflict count in 150 thousands, and over a million people became refugees. The author examines various aspects of contribution of Liberia's neighbor countries - the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the Republic of Sierra Leone, the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, the Republic of Guinea, the Republic of The Gambia, the Republic of Ghana, as well as the USA and France. Over the course of the research the author used the comparative and historical method, and the methods of historical analysis that allowed him to study the regional aspects of the Liberian conflict, and the efforts of the peacekeeping mission of The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), mostly the Nigerian military detachment, and the contribution of the UN in the resolution of the Liberian political crisis. The author addresses a seldom-studied issue of the formation of an economy of war during African conflicts (Liberian, in this case), which involves, among other things, the plundering of natural resources of the state in conflict, and the rapid growth of contraband of various resources, as well as weapons, drugs and other merchandise, by all armed sides of the conflict, as well as regional participants, including the peacekeepers.

Keywords: economy of war, peacekeeping mission, military-political conflict, ECOWAS, Nigeria, Liberia, Africa, political leadership, regional aspects of the conflict, Charles Taylor

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0617.2017.4.25048

Article was received:

21-12-2017


Review date:

20-12-2017


Publish date:

08-01-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Youboty J. Liberian Civil War: A Graphic Account. Philadelphia, 1993. P. 59–61.
2.
Sawyer A., Effective Immediately: Dictatorship in Liberia. 1980–6: A Personal Perspective. Bremen, 1987. P. 8.
3.
Ellis S. The Mask of Anarchy: The Destruction of Liberia and The Religious dimension of an African Civil War. N.Y., 1999. P. 63.
4.
Berkeley B. Liberia: Between Repression and Slaughter // Atlantic Monthly. 1992. №6. P. 60.
5.
Marcus D.L. Liberian President has Problem in Plymouth // Boston Globe. 14 August 1997. P. 3.
6.
Frederiks V.Zh. Grazhdanskaya voina v Liberii 1989–1997 gg. i rol' mezhdunarodnykh i regional'nykh organizatsii v uregulirovanii konflikta. Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni kandidata istoricheskikh nauk. M., 2008. C. 16.
7.
Brehun L. Liberia: The War of Horror. Accra, 1991. P. 48.
8.
Mamadou O.S. The CFAF Devalutation, Naira Parallel Exchange Rate and Niger’s Competitiveness // Journal of African Economies. 1997. №6. P. 85–111.
9.
Unoke E. The Untold Story of Liberian War. Enugu, 1993. P. 98.
10.
Yerbo Z. Ghana: The Struggle for Popular Power. L., 1991. P. 273–274.
11.
De Saint-Exupery P., Roquelle S. La “montagne de fer” que convoite l”elysee // Le Figaro. 8 January 1992. P.2.
12.
Lowenkopf M. Liberia: Putting the State Back Together. In: Collapsed States: The Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority. Boulder (CO), 1995. P. 98.
13.
Barrett L. Report on Liberia. Monrovia, 1993. P. 25–29.
14.
Tapson B. Government Exports Seized Rubber // The Inquirer. 12 July 1995. №5. P. 12.
15.
Misser F., Vallee O. Les gemmocraties: l’economie politique du diamante africain. P., 1997. P. 47.
16.
Marches tropicaux et mediterraneens. 28 July 1995. №2594. P. 1603–1605.
17.
Yankah K., Maayang L. Charles Taylor: Dark Days in Ghana // Uhuru, 1990. №5. P. 40.
18.
Dolo E. Democracy Versus Dictatorship: The Quest for Freedom and Justice in Africa’s Oldest Republic, Liberia. L., 1996. P. 106.
19.
Arinze J. They Looted my Country // Tell (Lagos). 3 July 1995. P. 24–27.
20.
Ellis S. Liberators or Looters? // Focus on Africa. L., 1994. №5. P. 14.
(21) Denisova T.S. Liberiya: plemennaya identichnost',grazhdanstvo i fenomen mandingo // Vestnik Yaroslavskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. P.G. Demidova. 2012, № 4/2, s. 17-21.
(22) Denisova T.S. Afrikanskie konflikty i religioznye ritualy (na primere grazhdanskikh voin v Liberii) // Aziya i Afrika segodnya, 2012, № 10, S. 45-52.