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Revisiting Some Aspects of the Legal Regulation of Foreign Currency Accounting in the Russian Federation
Abstract.The subject of the research is the laws and acts that regulate social relations arising in the process of foreign currency exchange in the Russian Federation. The object of the research is the social relations arising in the process of foreign currency exchange in the Russian Federation in relation to generation of revenues of centralized public-law entities' monetary funds. In the Russian Federation foreign currency exchange has certain particularities in terms of accounting and tax treatment thereof which influences the efficiency of financial activity performed by a public-law entity. Observation of these particular rules is necessary to successfully achieve goals and tasks of today's state official activity. The methodological basis of the research implies the dialectical method for analyzing social, economic and legal phenomena in terms of their interaction and interdependence. Integrity and validity of the results are achieved through a combined use of the structured system, comparative law, formal law and logical theoretical methods as well as applying such methods as description of terms, analysis, synthesis, generalisation and other methods. As a result of the research, the author defines violations of the essential provisions of the Russian Federation tax and levy legislation, i.e. principles of the equal tax burden and economic feasibility of levies and taxes, as consequences of inefficient system of accounting and tax treatment of foreign currency exchange in the Russian Federation. As one of the outcomes of the research, the author emphasizes the need to change the current system of accounting of foreign currency exchange in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: principle of the tax system, Bank of Russia, income, exchange difference, official exchange rate, currency of the Russian Federation, foreign currency, Accounting, state, tax
Article was received:20-12-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .