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The Role of Agitation Trains and Steamboats in the Anti-Religious Propaganda of the Bolsheviks during the Civil War
Abstract.The subject of this article is the role of agitation trains and steamboats that cruised in Soviet Russia during the years of the Russian Civil War. The author examines in detail the anti-religious aspect of the propaganda activities of the agitation trains: anti-religious teaching and educational work, in which the Bolsheviks successfully used slogans, anti-religious documentary films, publicist and fictional literature, special anti-religious journals, artistic paintings, poster art, and caricatures. The article uses archival materials, as well as collections of documents. The discussed agitational and propaganda work, which also included anti-religious education, very soon bore necessary fruits: the total support of the majority of the population for the new government which allowed the Bolsheviks to cement and to continue the already begun fight against religion. In order to achieve his aim, the author uses comparative, narrative and historical-genetic methods of research. The relevance of this study is determined by the absence in historiography of works devoted to this topic. Agitation trains and steamboats were widely used by the Soviet authorities in 1919-1921 and were the shock force of Bolshevik propaganda. The agitation activity of trains and steamships was directed towards the political context of the time: the struggle of the Bolsheviks against the White Army, the recruitment of workers and peasants to the front of the Soviet government, and the propaganda of its ideas among the population.
Keywords: religion, Russian Orthodox Church, anti-religious education, Soviet authorities, Civil War, Bolsheviks, agitation steamboat, agitation train, propaganda, agitation
Article was received:28-12-2017
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .