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Collaboration of explorer of the Bolshezemelskaya Tundra A. V. Zhuravsky with the Russian Geographical Society in the early XX century
Kochedykova Mariya Maksimovna

Post-graduate student, the department of Humanitarian Interdisciplinary Studies, Komi Scientific Center of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

167982, Russia, respublika Komi, g. Syktyvkar, ul. Kommunisticheskaya, 24

masha_k90@mail.ru

Abstract.

The subject of this article is the history of science in the European Northeast of Russian of the early XX century. The object is the research activity of A. V. Zhuravsky in the field of geology over the period of 1903-1914 covering the territory of Bolshezemelskaya Tundra. The author examines the key directions in joint collaboration of Zhuravsky and the Russian Geographical Society on exploring the Bolshezemelskaya Tundra. Thanks to the expeditionary and collecting activities of Zhuravsky, was established the first scientific institution in the European Northeast of Russia. The author’s main contribution lies in using as the source base of the unique expeditionary reports and publications of A. V. Zhuravsky, reports of the department of Mathematical and Physical Geography of the Russian Geographical Society, as well as the correspondence between its members. The sources are preserved in several archives and museums of Russia. A conclusion is made that the collaboration with the Russian Geographical Society in the Bolshezemelskaya Tundra in the early XX century led to the beginning of the systematic explorations, which pioneer was A. V. Zhuravsky. The process of joint activity resulted in acquisition of the new knowledge that allowed clarifying the importance of the immense territory. The interested in Zhuravsky’s exploratory work Russian Geographical Society tried to gather the documents on this region in their archives. The scientific novelty consists in author’s discovery that Zhuravsky’s activity on exploration of the Bolshezemelskaya Tundra was comprehensively supported by the directorate of the Russian Geographical Society, including finding opportunities for compensating the expeditionary costs and supply with instruments for conducting the topographic surveys.  

Keywords: geology, history of science, route surveys, Andrew Vladimirovich Zhuravsky, Yuri Mikhailovich Shokalsky, Bolshezemelskaya Tundra, Russian Geographical Society, expedition reports, scientific contacts, Platon Borisovich Rippas

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2018.3.25121

Article was received:

09-01-2018


Review date:

13-01-2018


Publish date:

12-03-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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