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The Development of Tourism in Russia at the Turn of the 19th - 20th Centuries
Abstract.The article is focused on the analysis of the features of the development of tourism in the Russian Empire at the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries. The subject of this study are the prerequisites for the formation and development of touristic activities in pre-revolutionary Russia. On the basis of documentary sources, guidebooks and other pre-revolutionary publications, the authors describe the conditions and factors for the development of educational and health-medical tourism and present the main tourist areas and key monuments of tourist visits. Particular attention is paid to the popularization of touristic and recreational resources: historical and cultural attractions, medical and therapeutic centers. The research is based on the historical-genetic, historical-geographical, topic-analytical and retrospective methods, as well as the method of system-structural analysis. The novelty of the presented research lies in that the authors prove that the foundations of modern educational and health-resort tourism were laid in pre-revolutionary Russia. The authors reveal the main features of the development of tourism in Russia at the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries, identify the main directions of tourist activity and show the role of Russia's cultural heritage in the formation of tourist regions and centers.
Keywords: cultural heritage, educational tourism, medical-therapeutic tourism, guidebooks, photographic postcards, tourist geography, religious tourism, club tourism, tourist infrastructure, history of tourism
Article was received:04-01-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .