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Risks in social and labor sphere: theoretical-methodological approaches
Neustroeva Aiza Borisovna

PhD in Sociology

leading researcher at Academy of Sciences of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia); associate professor of the Department of Social Sciences and Psychology at Institute of Psychology, Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

677000, Russia, Respublic of Sakha (Yakutiya), Yakutsk, Lenin's str., 33

aizok@mail.ru
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Abstract.

The subject of this research is the theoretical-methodological approaches towards studying the risks. In broad sense of the work, risk implies threat, occurrence of damage, failure, possible losses including financial. Various research understand risk as the process (process of choosing alternatives), activity (in uncertain situation), event that can lead to some losses. Special attention is given to the risks emerging in social and labor sphere, at the job market. The research method lies in systematized comparison of the sociological concepts of risk that have been gradually establishing within the Western sociology, their genesis and historical evolution. Risk as the subject of study represents a quite complicated concept that requires using the complex approach, methods of statistics, economics, mathematical theory of probability, theory of decision-making, psychological and sociological methods. The level of risks, including in social and labor sphere, is strongly differentiated according territorial logic. Particular place is held by the regions located in dangerous natural conditions, for example Arctic and Northern regions.

Keywords: Region, Unemployment risk, Professional risk, Risk society, Sociological approach, Psychological approach, Rationalist approach, Social and labor sphere, Social risk, Risk

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0684.2018.1.25160

Article was received:

11-01-2018


Review date:

11-01-2018


Publish date:

13-01-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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