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Political and Legal Nature and Customs of War in Ancient Rus
Abstract.The subject of the research is the judicial description of the war as a social phenomenon that has been widely spread since the medieval Rus of the 9th - 13th centuries. The aim of the research is to define ideas of the Ancient Rus' society on the political and legal nature of the war, factual and formal grounds thereof, rules for starting and stopping a war. Savchenko analyzes traditional treatment of the conquered and captives, safety measures undertaken during negotiations or conclusion of peace treaties. The author pays special attention to the regulation of relations in military teams and attitude to treachery. The methodology of the research is based on a combined use of dialectical, functional and historical research methods. The source of information is the Ancient Rus annals as well as medieval chronicles. As a result of the research, the author concludes that in the Ancient Rus the war (rat') was thought to be a common forced means of legal defense of political actors' interests. The war was considered to be 'fair' when it was started as a response to the violation committed by the other party and certain rituals of starting and stopping a war were observed. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author considers this matter for the first time in the academic literature on history, law and national security.
Keywords: negotiations, tribute, prisoners, the enemy, political relations, Ancient Rus, legal means, War, security, military collective
Article was received:14-01-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .