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The ethos of extra-institutional forms of the production of knowledge in the area of biotechnologies
The DIY-bio movement (do-it-yourself biology) unites the amateurs, enthusiasts, students and scholars that attempt to introduce such principles of hacker ethics as openness, decentralization, free access to technologies into the sphere of bioscience, and reorganize the biotechnological research towards achieving the equality and social justice. The ethical-axiological landmarks of the movement can be conceptualizes in view of the two models – American and European – the relationships with society, commercial organizations and government structures. At the same time, the activity of “garage biologists” is considered not only as a new type of network and socially distributed methods of the production of knowledge, but also as a possible response to the criticism of modern academic science and industrial sector. The “garage biology” contributes into the establishment of new communication channels between the science and society, which are not limited by the initiatives “from the top to bottom”, but rather focus on cooperation patterns and social interests.
Keywords: community laboratories, crowdfunding, open science, public engagement, ethos of science, garage biology, Do-It-Yourself Biology, citizen science, bioscience, technoscientific innovation
Article was received:19-01-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .