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Categorical modeling of the essential as a continuous reconstruction of existence
Abstract.This article examines the conceptual structure of the process of generalizes rationalistic cognition. The two main levels are highlighted: formalizes, mathematically modeled; and open, which is only partially formalized. Philosophical rationality refers to the second level. Such approach allows determining the corresponding to these levels forms of reasoning, as well as the specificities of their actualization. The need for their essential demarcation derives from the fact that each form of reasoning is infinite and self-sufficient in itself, and thus possesses an immanent tendency to extrapolation, which is able to disturb their standard functioning. The main conclusions consist in the statements that the highlighted methods of interpretation and establishment of the truth have a fairly particular applicability. The first level of reasoning is aimed at clarification of regularities and causal connections, which are actually the natural scientific studies. The second one pertains to the problems of open and complex systems – society, history, human, and culture. The peculiarity of reasoning in a non-natural spheres is expressed in the factors of nonlinearity and anticipation. In such case. The subject is capable of escaping the sphere of repressive-compulsory effect of the various types of determinations and shift from the prehistory to the accrual form of historical development. Philosophical categories whereas are viewed as the modeling cognitive-existential structures being in the state of dialogical establishment.
Keywords: determinism, rationalism, existence, history, reason, concept, modeling, indeterminism, freedom, subject
Article was received:20-01-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .