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Providing employment and social protection to disabled convicts as key means of prevention of recidivism
Abstract.Exercising of the general legal principle of “humanism” in penal system with regards to the disabled convicts is one of the conditions that promote the prevention of recurrent crimes among them. This article is dedicated to implementation of the federal program “Accessible Environment” for disabled persons in detention facilities. The author considers the practice in certain subjects of the Russian Federation on increasing indexes of accessibility of the objects of penal system pertinent to disabled persons. The article analyses the issues of rehabilitation of the disabled, treatment facilities, employment and education within the correctional facilities. The author carries out a comparative analysis of the overall count of disabled convicts kept in the correctional facilities and serving sentence from 2006 to 2017, including those capable to work on medical authority and the number of the employed disabled convicts. As a result of this study, the author determines the key problems emerging in employment of the disabled convicts that serve sentence; suggests the methods for preventing crimes among the disabled convicts; concludes that correctional impact with regards to disabled convicts must be exercised with consideration of international standards and lean on the need for providing assistance under the conditions of isolation and after discharge for the purpose of preventing recidivism.
Keywords: humanization of legislation , social protection, abilitation, rehabilitation, employment of convicts, detention, accessible environment, disabled convicts, resocialization of convict, prevention of crimes
Article was received:24-01-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .