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Engineering design and modernization of building-adjacent territories in industrial cities (on the example of Tolyatti)
Fomina Elina Vladislavovna

Senior Educator, the department of Design and Decorative Art, Volga Region State University of Service

445017, Russia, Samarskaya oblast', g. Tol'yatti, ul. Gagarina, 4

fomina2004@rambler.ru
Barsukova Natalia Ivanovna

Doctor of Art History

Professor, the department of Design and Decorative Art, Volga Region State University of Service

445017, Russia, Samarskaya oblast', g. Tol'yatti, ul. Gagarina, 4

bars_natali@mail.ru

Abstract.

The subject of this research is the urban space of Tolyatti – a large industrial center built during Soviet times. The article analyzes the Soviet and post-Soviet ideas of designing the urban environment. The object of this research is the building-adjacent territories of the most problem, standard residential areas that in a lesser extent correspond with the modern perception of human comfort in urban environment. The need for modernization and harmonization of courtyard spaces for increasing the quality of life of the urban population is demonstrated through the complex environmental approach, namely the engineering design. The authors conduct a correlational analysis of the contemporary design projects of creating the comfortable environment along with the idea resources laid in the project of an “ideal” Soviet industrial city. In the course of this research were determined the positive city-planning ideas of “city of the future” that allow efficiently develop the building-adjacent territories. The authors examine the problematic of the standard residential construction of Tolyatti and transformation of the functions of urban environment, as well as substantiate the role of courtyard as an important territory for increasing the quality of life in the modern industrial city. The concept of a contemporary courtyard space is presented.

Keywords: courtyard space, courtyard, environmental design, axiological approach, modernization, urban environment, industrial city, Tolyatti, building-adjacent territory, standard residential environment

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2018.1.25292

Article was received:

31-01-2018


Review date:

04-02-2018


Publish date:

05-02-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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