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Activities of International Institutions to Negotiate about the Status of Kosovo and Metohija
Abstract.In his research Barabanov describes participation of international actors (EU, USA, Russia) in negotiations regarding the status of Kosovo, reveals the mechanisms of that participation (Control Group and The Three formats) and emphasizes the prevailing role of external forces (but not Serbians or Kosovans) in the process. The author of the article describes a chronological order of negotiations regarding the status of Kosovo, analyzes the main documents that define vectors of these negotiations and contain relevant provisions on the final regulation of the issue. The author studies new reference sources and analyzes the problem from the point of view of universal history applying interdisciplinary approach and comparative method. Barabanov pays special attention to the definition of the status of Kosovo by representatives of Euro-Atlantic actors and their views on international participation in the region. The author demonstrates how the leaders tried to change it based on the Bosnian model which would mean the transfer of functions from United Nations to EU and NATO. The author reveals the unilateral and biased attitude of the West to the problem of the status of Kosovo. Western states try to structure the negotiation process so that the United Nations Security Force recognizes the independence of Pristina. The author of the article offers some original ideas (including the idea about the intermediate role of 'Contant Group Guidelines Regarding Regulation of the Status of Kosovo' that views the question about the status of Kosovo as debatable. The conclusions made by the author based on associated documents evidently prove that the thesis about Ahtisaari plan corresponding to the Resolution of the United Nations Security Force No. 1244 as well as facts of violations from the side of Western countries that later recognized self-proclaimed independency of Kosovo and their international rights.
Keywords: Vitaliy Churkin, Three, Contact Group, Martti Ahtisaari, Ahtisaari plan, UN, Serbia, Kosovo, EU, USA
Article was received:28-01-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .