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On approaches towards understanding of the institution of lobbying
Abstract.This article is dedicated to examination of the political legal phenomenon of lobbying, history of the emergence of its institution, as well as doctrinal and legal positions regarding the content of the concept of lobbying. The object of this research is the social relations established in the area of interaction between the society, citizens, and government pertinent to promotion of the normative legal acts into the government authorities and local self-governance with the lawmaking function. The subject of this research is the Russian doctrine and legislation in the field of lobbying. The article explores the history of emergence of the concept of lobbying, provides original definition of lobbying, as well as substantiated the need for establishment of a universal understanding of the aforementioned phenomenon. Special attention is given to correlation between the characteristics of lobbying and the approach, through the prism of which it is determined. For avoiding the conceptual ambiguity, it is suggested to view lobbying as a normal and legitimate phenomenon, the political legal institution that is aimed at achieving the socially useful objectives. The scientific novelty lies in examination of the political legal phenomenon of lobbying; formulation of the notion of lobbying, particularly the author’s original definition; for the purpose of elimination of the conceptual ambiguity and reaching the terminological unity is suggested the universal understanding of lobbying, within the framework of which such phenomenon will have a positive implication.
Keywords: offense, corruption, corruption lobbying, illegal lobbying, legal lobbying, sing of lobbing, history of lobbying, Lobbying, approaches to lobbying, terminological unity
Article was received:02-02-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .