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Psychological Defenses of Alexithymic Personality
Zubareva Nadezhda Sergeevna

laboratory assistant at Novosibirsk State Technical University

630092, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Prospekt karla-Marksa, 20, korpus 6

northrain92@mail.ru
Mazurenko Yana Albertovna

Senior Researcher at Novosibirsk State Technical University

630092, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, prospekt Karla Marksa, 20, korp. 6

yana_maz@bk.ru

Abstract.

The object of the research is alexithymia as a psychological phenomenon. The subject of the research is psychological defense mechanisms of alexithymic personality. The author of the article views alexithymia as a defense mechanism that protects one's personality from unbearable affects, stresses and traumatic situations. However, blocking of emotions may cause the loss of interest in life, reduction of sensitivity to pain and negative feelings and, as a result, aggravation of somatic problems. The authors of the article provide the results of their research of psychological defense mechanisms and alexithymia degree and differences of defense mechanisms intensity in groups of respondents with high, middle and low levels of alexithymia. The research methods include: Toronto Alexithymia Scale (offered by Graeme Taylor and adapted by the researchers of the St. Petersburg Bekhterev Psychoneurological Research Institute), and Bond Psychological Defense Inventory (adapted by E. Tunik). The research results allow to get an insight into methods used by alexithymic personality to describe typical features of each alexithymia level as well as particularities of a growing level of alexithymia in a group of respondents with a low level of alexithymia which allows to reduce risks of alexithymic effects. 

Keywords: emotions blocking, alexithymic personality, psychological defenses, awareness of emotions, feelings, emotions, alexithymia, identification of feelings, description of feelings, self-concept

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0722.2018.1.25376

Article was received:

06-02-2018


Review date:

06-02-2018


Publish date:

21-03-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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