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The West and the East in a specific historical context
Beishenova Aisulu Tilekovna

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy and Humanitarian Disciplines, Kyrgyz State University named after I. Arabayev

720026, Kirgiziya, g. Bishkek, ul. Razzakova, 51





This article identifies the factors that to one or another extent affected the establishment of the traditional paradigms in the West and the East, reveals the reasons of contraposition and nonoccurrence of these concepts, as well as the origin of discrepancies of the dissenting concepts. Currently, the generally accepted fact is the difference of the socioeconomic and cultural peculiarities of the West and the East that exists in a constant struggle, however implicating each other’s presence. And in order to understand this process, it is necessary to be able to differentiate the concepts of “West” and “East”. Depending on the goal, methodological approach, and certain perspective, the West and the East can be differentiated in a variety of ways: either civilizational approach towards the history of social development, or the naturalistic approach. The author underlines that the assessment of certain phenomenon or a large combination of facts and relation to them are significantly defined by the multiplicity of external circumstances, real state of the things, balance of forces of the adversaries, purposefulness, current and strategic goals, interests of people and the states; and much lesser the generous search for the scientific truth. On the contrary, the truth is often necessary for increasing the efficiency of implemented actions, due to which it can be demanded in defiance of the current goals and short-run interest, through which pierces the scientific analysis.

Keywords: context, phenomenon, culture, tradition, civilization, globalization, paradigm, approach, East, West



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