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The Meanings of October in the Mental Dispositions of Russians and their Place in the Modern Public Consciousness
Abstract.The author examines the mental dispositions of Russian society and their role in the revolution of 1917 and in the process of the formation of civil society. Using the work of V. I. Lenin, normative acts, letters and appeals of Russians to the authorities and Soviet leaders, the author investigates the particularities of the mental dispositions of Russian society and compares them with the values of civil society. The article uses documents from different historical periods: the First Russian Revolution, Stalinist collectivization and industrialization, the Perestroika. Applying the method of historical retrospect, analysis and synthesis, the author identifies a number of particularities of the mental dispositions of the Russian public consciousness and the reasons for their formation. The author demonstrates that the slow formation of private ownership of land and communal use of land slowed down the development of individualist psychology and the understanding of the inviolability of the rights and freedoms of the individual, but reinforced the notion of violence as the most optimal form of solving all social issues. The article also affirms that the mental dispositions of Russian society dictated a slightly different image of democracy than adopted in Western countries. People's ideas about democracy grew on the traditions of peasant self-government without the separation of power, based not on law, but on patriarchal customs, resulting in a strong feature of social consciousness - paternalism. The author claims that these features of public consciousness were clearly manifested throughout the 20th century and have survived to this day, which is an essential factor hampering the formation of civil society in modern Russia.
Keywords: collectivism, paternalism, Soviet power, The Great October Revolution, democracy, public consciousness, civil society, mentality, the idea of violence, sense of justice
Article was received:21-02-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .