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Transportation of Passengers by Vehicle Transport: New Rules for Transportation of Children
Abstract.The subject of the article is the effective Traffic Laws, provisions of the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses, State Standards that regulate the rules for transportation of children, definition, features and types of child restraint, and interpretative acts of judicial authorities that interpret regulatory prescriptions of child restraint. The aim of the article is to define difficulties that may arise in the process of applying new rules for transportation of little passengers. Starting from July 2017, The Traffic Laws set forth a new criterion for classification of child restraint which is the height of a child. However, there is no definition of 'child restraint' in The Traffic Rules and there is no such criterion as a child's height in the current classification of child restraint. The methodological basis of the research includes recent theoretical findings and concepts. In the process of the research the authors have used theoretical, general philosophical, traditional legal research methods, and comparison that was used to compare regulatory provisions that regulate the definition and features of child restraints. The main conclusion made by the authors is that the latest amendment to The Traffic Rules provide a clear notion of what restraints can be used to transport little passengers. The main contribution made by the authors is the substantiation of these amendments made in Part 3 of Article 12.23 of the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses and Subclause 1.2, 2.1.1 of The Traffic Rules. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the authors carry out a comparative law analysis of changes and amendments made to The Traffic Rules that came into force in summer of 2017.
Keywords: child safety, administrative responsibility, road transport, child restraint, passenger rights, Traffic Laws, seat belts, transportation of children, shipping, contract of carriage of a passenger
Article was received:27-02-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .