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Lacan's Concepts of Thinking and Reality
Abstract.The subject of the research is the relationship between human thinking and Reality as one of the most difficult concepts of Jacques Lacan. According to Lacan, there is no direct access to Reality except through the Symbolic, i.e. language. Thinking relates to Reality through the death instinct, Lacan equates these two concepts in his seminar 'Ethics of Psychoanalysis'. That being said, it is possible to make an assumption that thinking is a delusive phenomenon because it acts in the field of 'approved rave' as Rudnev calls our everyday reality in his book 'The Logics of Rave' (pubilshed in Mosco, 2015). As the author of the article demonstrates, European man associates Reality with the Christian founder. Thinking is often associated with overcoming frustration. Thus, thinking will not be needed when human becomes completely conscious as G. Gurdjiev and representatives of his school call it. However, it is a long and difficult path. The research methodology is based on Lacan's structuralism psychoanalysis as well as psychosemiotics method that has been developed by the author of the article throughout many years of his research at the confluence of psychology and fundamental philosophy. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author compares Lacan's concepts of Thinking and Reality. The author concludes that human thinking has a delusive nature; Lacan relates Reality to the death instinct and the death instinct has a delusive nature. Therefore, we must try to overcome thinking in our search for Consciousness as it is meant by G. Gurdjiev and representatives of his school. Conscious individual does not need thinking as an operation with arbitrary signs.
Keywords: hallucnation, instinct, death, phlosophy, psychology, Lacan, reality, thinking, delusion, consciousness
Article was received:27-02-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .