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Can the modern Russian intelligentsia be considered a special sociocultural phenomenon?
Abstract.The Russian intelligentsia as a sociocultural phenomenon in its presents stage is an important and insufficiently studied problem. In the middle of 1960’s it has already become an object of research among the national specialists, and still remains a subject for discussion. Over the recent 25 years, a wide circulation obtained the statement that the occurred problems resulted in disappearance of intelligentsia, i.e. a special sociocultural phenomenon that existed in the Soviet Union until the Revolution of 1917. The publications were replacing the term “intelligentsia” with the notion “intellectual class”, meaning the population of persons with a certain level of education that significantly differ from the rest. Thus, special relevance acquires the question whether or not intelligentsia retains as a sociocultural phenomenon or have had its day. The authors lean on the works of Russian thinkers of the XIX century – philosophers, historians, economists, as well as the current level of theoretical knowledge on intelligentsia and the analysis of actual processes taking place in the modern Russian society. A conclusion is made that in modern Russia, intelligentsia still remains as a social group and legitimately considered a special sociocultural phenomenon. An attempt is made to carefully analyze the intellectual and educational, ethical and moral, and cultural aspects that characterize the affiliation to intelligentsia.
Keywords: moral, intelligence, authority, intellect, competence, education, intellectual activity, intelligentsia, intellectual, identification
Article was received:10-03-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .