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Science Diplomacy: the Nature and Role in the System of International Relations
Abstract.The subject of the study is science diplomacy that is becoming more and more popular in the sphere of international relations. Meanwhile, the content of this concept remains blurred. The author correlates the concept of "science diplomacy" with the concepts of public diplomacy,"track-II diplomacy" and soft power, which provides a better understanding of its potential in the modern system of international relations. The article focuses on the humanitarian dimension of science diplomacy which, in the author's opinion, most closely corresponds to its mission. Using comparative methodology, the author compares the approach to understanding science diplomacy developed in the domestic discourse with the interpretation of this trend in official documents on Russian foreign policy and the existing domestic practice of science diplomacy. The author concludes that science diplomacy as a form of public diplomacy serves as a means of promoting and protecting the national interests of the state. The direction known as "science for diplomacy" most closely conforms to this role. The diplomacy of scientists is a very promising format of international contacts with the potential of affecting international relations.
Keywords: international humanitarian cooperation, non-state actors in international relations, track II diplomacy, social diplomacy, public diplomacy, soft power, scientific diplomacy, national interests, exterior policy of Russian Federation, actors in international relations
Article was received:01-04-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .