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Crimean War in the creative works of veterans of 1812 (based on the oeuvres of P. A. Vyazemsky and F. N. Glinka)
Abstract.The subject of this article is the poetry of the Russian authors, veterans of Patriotic War 1812 – Pyotr Andreyevich Vyazemsky and Fyodor Nikolaevich Glinka dedicated to the Crimean War and Siege of Sevastopol in 1854-1855. The analysis of their poems created over the period of 1853-1967 is conducted. They touch upon various topics: glorification of heroes and military commanders, military operations in Caucasus, bombardment of Odessa, siege of Sevastopol, perception of Crimean war as religious war, satirical reviews of military operations of the allies, etc. The article also examines the question of comprehension of the Crimean War by Russian society through the prism of the historical experience of 1812. Methodological foundation contains the principle of historical cognition: objectivity and historicism. The author applies the comparative-historical methods: poetry is viewed on the background of publicist works and literary process of the era in general. Reference to fiction predetermined the use of interdisciplinary methods from the arsenal of philology and literature studies, particularly textological methods and structural analysis. The work h reveals the main motifs reflected in the creative works of F. N. Glinka and P. A. Vyazemsky, as their assessment of the events of Crimean War as the representatives of generation of 1812 was not the subject of research. Their poems fit into the extensive palette of national culture of the mid XIX century, emphasizing their importance for personal perception, as well as testimony to the era. Special attention is given to the oeuvres that express the forming historical memory regarding the siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.
Keywords: Russian culture, historical memory, historical source, fiction, Vyazemsky Pyotr, Glinka Fyodor, the Siege of Sevastopol, Crimean war, the Patriotic War, interdisciplinary approach
Article was received:05-04-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .
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