Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1903,   Articles in work: 305 Declined articles: 801 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Crimean War in the creative works of veterans of 1812 (based on the oeuvres of P. A. Vyazemsky and F. N. Glinka)
Shapovalova Natalia Vital'evna

Post-graduate student, the department of Source Studies, Moscow State University

119991, Russia, Moskva oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Lomonosovskii Prospekt, 27-4

shapovalovanv1993@gmail.com

 

 

Abstract.

The subject of this article is the poetry of the Russian authors, veterans of Patriotic War 1812 – Pyotr Andreyevich Vyazemsky and Fyodor Nikolaevich Glinka dedicated to the Crimean War and Siege of Sevastopol in 1854-1855. The analysis of their poems created over the period of 1853-1967 is conducted. They touch upon various topics: glorification of heroes and military commanders, military operations in Caucasus, bombardment of Odessa, siege of Sevastopol, perception of Crimean war as religious war, satirical reviews of military operations of the allies, etc. The article also examines the question of comprehension of the Crimean War by Russian society through the prism of the historical experience of 1812. Methodological foundation contains the principle of historical cognition: objectivity and historicism. The author applies the comparative-historical methods: poetry is viewed on the background of publicist works and literary process of the era in general. Reference to fiction predetermined the use of interdisciplinary methods from the arsenal of philology and literature studies, particularly textological methods and structural analysis. The work h reveals the main motifs reflected in the creative works of F. N. Glinka and P. A. Vyazemsky, as their assessment of the events of Crimean War as the representatives of generation of 1812 was not the subject of research. Their poems fit into the extensive palette of national culture of the mid XIX century, emphasizing their importance for personal perception, as well as testimony to the era. Special attention is given to the oeuvres that express the forming historical memory regarding the siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.

Keywords: Russian culture, historical memory, historical source, fiction, Vyazemsky Pyotr, Glinka Fyodor, the Siege of Sevastopol, Crimean war, the Patriotic War, interdisciplinary approach

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8744.2018.2.25941

Article was received:

05-04-2018


Review date:

06-04-2018


Publish date:

14-04-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Otechestvennaya voina 1812 goda v kul'turnoi pamyati Rossii. M.: Kuchkovo pole, 2012. 448 s.
2.
Tartakovskii A.G. 1812 god i russkaya memuaristika. M.: Nauka, 1980. 312 s.
3.
I. S. Torzhestvennoe vospominanie v Moskve 11 oktyabrya 1812 goda, chrez 40let, v 1852 godu. M., 1852. 27 s.
4.
Arbuzov N.A. Ded ko vnuku // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 9 fevralya.
5.
Maikov A.N. 1854 god. SPb., 1854. 53 s.
6.
Tsertelev N.A. Russkomu pobedonosnomu voinstvu // Moskovskie vedomosti. 1854. 18 fevralya.
7.
Rostovanov P.G. Na nyneshnyuyu voinu // Russkii invalid. 1854. 25 maya.
8.
Iz pisem F.I. Tyutcheva vo vremya Krymskoi voiny. 1855 // Russkii arkhiv. 1899. Kn. 3. S. 505-520.
9.
Podolinskii A. Na nyneshnyuyu voinu // Russkii invalid. 1854. 14 marta.
10.
Miller F.B. Molitva Russkogo // Russkii invalid. 1854. 5 maya.
11.
Volkov Yu. Russkaya pravda // Vologodskie gubernskie vedomosti. 1853. 26 dekabrya.
12.
Grigor'ev P. 1-i. Svyataya Rus' // Russkii invalid. 1854. 11 maya.
13.
Potto V. Molitva za Tsarya // Russkii invalid. 1854. 16 marta.
14.
Ronchevskii. K Rossii // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 12 marta.
15.
Zhurnal'naya vsyakaya vsyachina // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 4 dekabrya.
16.
Sheparneva A.I. Krymskaya (Vostochnaya) voina v otsenke rossiiskogo obshchestvennogo mneniya (1853-1856). Orel: OOO PF Kartush, 2005. 199 s.
17.
Akul'shin P.V. Drug A.S. Pushkina o Krymskoi voine: knyaz' P.A. Vyazemskii i ego kniga Pis'ma russkogo veterana 1812 g. o Vostochnom voprose // Voennaya istoriya Rossii: problemy, poiski, resheniya: materialy III Mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 160-letiyu okonchaniya Krymskoi voiny 1853-1856 gg., Volgograd, 23-24 sentyabrya 2016 goda: v 2 ch. Ch. 1. S. 126-132.
18.
Fedyanova G.V. Krymskaya voina v russkoi poezii 1850-kh godov: avtoref. dis. kand. filol. nauk. Tver', 2008. 16 s.
19.
Ratnikov K.V. Poetika politiki: invektivnye motivy russkoi stikhotvornoi publitsistiki v gody Krymskoi voiny (1853-1856) // Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Ural'skii region. 2016. 2. S. 78-87.
20.
Glinka F.N. Ura!.. Na trekh udarim razom! // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 4 yanvarya.
21.
Shatkovskii O. Avtoru stikhov Ura! ot uchenikov Ponevezhskogo Dvoryanskogo Uchilishcha // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 31 marta.
22.
Vypiska iz pis'ma iz Serbii k Gr. Bl. // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 8 marta.
23.
Glinka F.N. Ura! (Byla chudesnaya pora) // Russkii invalid. 1854. 6 iyulya.
24.
Glinka F.N. Pozhar Rossii // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 16 marta.
25.
Glinka F.N. Khristos Voskres! // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 15 aprelya.
26.
Glinka F.N. K I.M.S. // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 31 marta.
27.
Glinka F.N. Sochineniya. M.: Sov. Rossiya, 1986. 349 s.
28.
Benediktov V. Fedoru Nikolaevichu Glinke // Severnaya pchela. 1854. 21 maya.
29.
Vyazemskii P.A. K ruzh'yu! SPb., 1854. 31 s.
30.
Kritika i Bibliografiya // Moskvityanin. 1854. T. 4. 13. S. 19.
31.
Vyazemskii P.A. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii v 12 t. SPb., 1878-1896.
32.
Narochnitskaya L.I. Rossiya i otmena neitralizatsii Chernogo morya. M.: Nauka, 1989. 224 s..
33.
Lapotnikov V.A. Gorchakov. Vremya i sluzhenie kantslera Gorchakova. M.: Molodaya gvardiya, 2015. 400 s.
34.
Ocherki po istorii russkoi svyatosti. Bryussel', 1961. 413 s.
35.
Pis'ma dekabrista Mikhaila Bestuzheva k M. F. Reineke // Literaturnoe nasledstvo. T. 60, kn. 1. M., 1956. S. 231244.