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Review of the Book by Shchapova Yu.L. and Grinchenko S.N. “Introduction into the Theory of the Archeological Epoch: Numerical Modeling and Logarithmic Scales of Spatiotemporal Data”. – M.: The History Faculty of Moscow State University, the Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Computer
Science and Management”, 2017. -236 pages. – (Works of the History Faculty of MSU, Issue. 97. Series II, Historical Studies, 51).
Abstract.The author considers the main achievements and discussion points of the monograph which proposes the principles of chronology and periodization of the archaeological epoch, its generalized numerical model combining the Fibonacci's and the informatics-cybernetics models.
The capabilities of inductive and deductive models are discussed. Numerical modeling is considered within the framework of the deductive approach. The universality of the mathematical model based on the Fibonacci series defining the "golden proportion" is noted. It is shown that the use of a multidisciplinary approach based on mathematical modeling of long-duration archaeological epochs allows us to consider it as a new concept of global history. The author discusses the problems of the monograph within the framework of the methodology of modeling historical processes and developing concepts of “Big history”. Consideration of the issues of periodization of long-duration processes is carried out within the context of their predictability, the relationship of regularities and randomness, mechanisms of self-organization and algorithms of "adaptive random search". The article concludes that it is important to estimate the moments of system information transformations within the framework of the Fibonacci model and emphasizes the role of this model for the formation of new hypotheses in historical and archaeological studies.
Keywords: technogenesis, systemogenesis, golden proportion, interdisciplinary approach, periodization, archaeological epoch, Fibonacci numbers, modeling, mathematical methods, randomness
Article was received:16-04-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .