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The reception of civil consciousness in European philosophy of the modern era
Abstract.The object of this research is the problem of establishment of civil consciousness and its comprehension in the XVII-XIX centuries. Modern era is paramount and breaking period in perception of civil consciousness and its main elements. The subject of this research is the key components of the quality of civil consciousness and actors of their formation. Special attention is given to interaction of the state and society in the process of citizens’ upbringing, change of roles of these actors in establishment of civil consciousness. The author analyzes the factors that increase the impact of state upon the formation of civil consciousness. The main conclusions are defined by the strategies of the formation of civil consciousness. Initially, the formation of civil consciousness was affected only by the society, and was considered as self-perpetuating within the society. However, since the beginning and middle of the XIX century, the key role in the processes of its establishment was played by the state and the government as the key actors. Author’s special contribution into the research lies in reconsideration of comprehension of civil consciousness, as well as focus on the citizens as the main actors of perpetuation of civil consciousness in future. The scientific novelty consists in substantiation of the need to understand civil consciousness in the discourse of views of the modern era philosophers for upbringing of the new generation of citizens.
Keywords: separation of powers, social contract, constitutional state, state, state of nature, civil status, civility, natural equality, justice, citizen
Article was received:20-04-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .