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V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) on the Influence of E. Bernstein's Ideas on the Further Development of Marxism at the Turn of the 19th - 20th Centuries (the Historiographical Aspect)
Abstract.The subject of this research is the ideas and sayings of V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) on the revision of Marxism proposed by E. Bernstein and his colleagues. The aim of this article is to both identify the misconceptions, inaccuracies and contradictions, as well as the actual ideas in the texts of V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin), and to reveal their essence, the reasons for their appearance, as well as their influence on the subsequent development of the historiography on the German leftist movement. The article analyzes the sayings of V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) concerning the economic, philosophical and political issues that were discussed in the debate with the followers of Bernstein. The article is written in line with the modern methodological trends in historical sciences and is consistent with the objectives and goals set by the history of ideas (ideologies) discipline, which is part of the field of intellectual history (ideological and political thought). The novelty of the article's research lies in that the author gives new explanations for the reasons behind the named discussion and presents a new critical interpretation of the behavior of V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) during a dispute with the followers of Bernstein. The author revisits the traditional views on the ideas of V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) and the causes of the inner-party struggle and split of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party into the factions of the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks.
Keywords: dictatorship of the proletariat, historical materialism, opportunism, reformism, revisionism, Marxism, Social democracy, Legal marxism, Leninism, communism
Article was received:21-09-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .