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Construction of a model of a multifunctional airborne guidance and landing system for a spacecraft
Abstract.The basic requirements for the on-board complex of the spacecraft for purposes of guidance and landing on small bodies of the solar system are formulated in the work. The main tasks of the landing and landing vehicles are braking and approaching the surface of the celestial body, landing, working on its surface, possibly taking off from the surface to deliver the returned vehicle to the ground. Providing high requirements to the accuracy and reliability of the on-board guidance and landing system, an actual solution is proposed. Using the traditional approach to the modeling of processes and systems, a functional model of the onboard guidance and landing system in IDEF0 notation was created. In the process of creating a functional model, the main processes performed by the complex during descent from orbit and landing are described. As a result of the work, a description of the procedures performed by the multifunctional on-board guidance and landing system of the spacecraft has been obtained. An applied functional model of the "to-be" level was constructed, based on the use of an integrated approach. The proposed integrated approach is focused on the sharing of data from all on-board devices, both basic and backup information. This approach allows to increase the accuracy and reliability of the landing procedure.
Keywords: landing a spacecraft, guidance of the spacecraft, navigation of the spacecraft, integrated approach, visual guidance, Onboard multifunctional environment, functional model, optical direction finder, optical processing, small bodies
Article was received:24-05-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .