Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2046,   Articles in work: 324 Declined articles: 828 
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

Vulnerability of Carl Schmitt’s concept of the political
Mishurin Aleksander Nikolaevich

PhD in Politics

Researcher, Department of the History of Political Philosophy, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences

119991, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Goncharnaya, 12 stroenie 1, kab. 411
Другие публикации этого автора



One of the pivotal works for the creative path of Carl Schmitt became “The Concept of the Political” that provokes a number of controversies. Having withstood three revisions, caused also by criticism from the colleagues, “The Concept of the Political” appears to multiple researchers as one of the most vivid manifestations of realpolitik in the XX century. However, this article defends a different point of view. The conducted analysis demonstrates that the positions expressed by Schmitt in his work strongly depend on the classical liberalism, and particularly the thought of Thomas Hobbes. Schmitt, whose verve, in essence, is anti-liberal, remains within the limits of liberalism. At the same time, another frame for theses narrated in “The Concept of the Political” is Nietzscheanism. Namely due to the impossibility of synthesizing liberal and anti-liberal positions, Schmitt’s work remains incomplete. It seems that the author was could not follow to its logical end none of the claimed theses: definition of politics, representation on the state, or position on non-moralism of the political. Thus, “The Concept of the Political” could not suffice any ideological position and remained practically incomplete as an alternative to the liberal view on politics.  

Keywords: Friedrich Nietzsche, Thomas Hobbes, friend, enemy, war, concept of the political, Carl Schmitt, liberalism, conservative revolution, state



Article was received:


Review date:


Publish date:


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Strong T. B. Foreword: dimensions of the new debate around Carl Schmitt // Schmitt C. The concept of political. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007. pp. ix–xxxi.
Mehring R. Carl Schmitt’s Friend-Enemy Distinction Today // Filozofija i društvo XXVIII (2), 2017. pp. 304-317.
Shmitt K. Ponyatie politicheskogo // Shmitt K. Ponyatie politicheskogo. SPb: Nauka, 2016. s. 293-356.
Meier H. The lesson of Carl Schmitt. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. 210 p.
Shtraus L. Zamechaniya k «Ponyatiyu politicheskogo» Karla Shmitta // Maier Kh. Karl Shmitt, Leo Shtraus i «Ponyatie politicheskogo». O dialoge otsutstvuyushchikh. M.: Skimen'', 2012. s. 109-142.
Maier Kh. Karl Shmitt, Leo Shtraus i «Ponyatie politicheskogo». O dialoge otsutstvuyushchikh // Maier Kh. Karl Shmitt, Leo Shtraus i «Ponyatie politicheskogo». O dialoge otsutstvuyushchikh. M.: Skimen'', 2012. s. 9-107.
Neimann F. Behemoth: the structure and practice of National Socialism, 1933-1944. New York: Harper & Row, 1966. 649 p.
Norris A. Carl Schmitt on Friends, Enemies and the Political // Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary, 1998 (112). pp. 68-88.
Gobbs T. O grazhdanine // Gobbs T. Sochineniya v 2-kh tomakh. T. 1. M.: Mysl', 1989. s. 270-506.
Lokk Dzh. Dva traktata o pravlenii // Lokk Dzh. Sochineniya v 3-kh tomakh. T. 3. M.: Mysl', 1988. s. 262-405.
Fukidid. Istoriya. SPb: Nauka, 1999. 590 s.
Böckenförde E-W. The Concept of the Political: A Key to Understanding Carl Schmitt's Constitutional Theory // Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, Vol. No. 1, 1997. pp. 5-19.
Schwab G. Introduction // Schmitt C. Concept of the Political. Chicago: the university of Chicago press, 2007. 126 p.
Foma Akvinskii. O korolevskoi vlasti // Sotsiologicheskoe obozrenie, T. 15, № 2, 2016. s. 96-127.
Alig'eri D. Monarkhiya. M.: Kanon-press-ts, 1999. 192 s.
Nitsshe F. Tak govoril Zaratustra // Nitsshe F. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii v 13 tomakh. Tom 4. M.: Kul'turnaya revolyutsiya, 2007. 432 s.
Bendersky J. Carl Schmitt. Theorist for the Reich. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. 320 p.
Traverso E. Confronting defeat: Carl Schmitt between the victors and the vanquished // History and Theory. Vol. 56, No. 3, 2017. pp. 370-378.
Bendersky J. Carl Schmitt at Nuremberg // Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary. No. 72, 1987. pp. 91-96.