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The Formulation by V. V. Rozanov and the Priest A. P. Ustinsky of the Doctrine of "Gender and Marriage in Christianity" on the Eve of the Religious Movement for Church Modernization. (According to the Documents of the Writer's Correspondence in 1898 - 1899 in the Collections of the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art and the Scientific-Research Department of Manuscripts of the Russian State Library)
Abstract.The subject of this study is the contribution of V. V. Rozanov to the formulation of the doctrine of the "new religious consciousness," which started the movement for the modernization of the Orthodox Russian Church. 120 years ago, the writer became interested in the history of Christianity and put forward a hypothesis concerning the religiousness of gender. Perhaps the only person who supported this hypothesis was the priest of the Russian Church Alexander Ustinsky. In 1901, the works of V. V. Rozanov, included among other topics, were brought to the meetings of religious and philosophical assemblies in St. Petersburg (1901-1903), while the doctrine of the "new religious consciousness" was proposed to the Russian Church as an alternative to historical Christianity. In this study the author applied the method of historicism, which assumes a sequential description of events and their analysis on the basis of their chronology and internal logic, as well as in connection with the general historical process, in this case - with the post-reform history of Russia, on the eve of socio-historical modernization. The author also applied the retrospective-associative method, which allowed to identify the preconditions of the studied phenomenon. The author adheres to the principles of academicism and scientific objectivity. The novelty of this research consists in its introduction into scientific circulation of V. V. Rozanov's archival correspondence from 1898 - 1899, which shows that one of the theoreticians of the religious movement for church modernization in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century, V. V. Rozanov owes his fame as an expert on the history of Christianity and as a religious thinker (candidate of theology) to a great extent to the Archpriest Alexander Ustinsky. The author comes to the conclusion that by the beginning of the 20th century, both activists created the conditions for translating into the public consciousness the idea of the need to introduce into practice church divorce, remarriages for the clergy and to overcome the ascetic tradition.
Keywords: religion of Rozanov, Church modernization, new religious consciousness, priest Alexander Ustinsky, Russian Orthodox Church, gender issue, religious movement, marriage in Christianity, Vasily Rozanov, living Church
Article was received:28-05-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .