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Zimbabwean diaspora in Great Britain: specificity of the first generation of migrants
Abstract.The wave of terrorist attacks that permeated the Western European countries in 2010’s, on the background of rapid transformations in ethnic and religious composition of the population in the region, once again testifies to the relevance of studying the processes taking place among the national minorities. Particular interest in this regard present the communities, that relatively recently have settled in the EU states, namely the African. An attempt is made to examine the Zimbabwean diaspora in modern Great Britain, meticulously researching the key immigration indexes and arrival channels of the Zimbabweans to the British Islands over the period of 1990 – 2000’s. The author analyses the aspects of inner development of the diaspora, its professional composition, problem of employments, as well as the role of African churches in everyday life of the newcomers. The Zimbabweans of Great Britain are one of the five numerous African diasporas in the country, with good language proficiency and relatively high level of education. Absolute majority of the newcomers from Zimbabwe are the migrants of first generation from the ethnic groups of Shona and Ndebele. The composition of the diaspora is characterized by the extreme heterogeneity with notable percentage of persons of uncertain migration status. Migrants from Zimbabwe stand out in their active social position and specific not fully formed identity based on the ethno-linguistic solidarity and traditional values. It is a notable fact that the British Zimbabweans retain close relation with the historical motherland, regularly transferring financial support to their relatives.
Keywords: Integration, Refugees, Africa, Zimbabwe, United Kingdom, Employment, Identity, Migration, Multiculturalism, Diaspora
Article was received:29-05-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .