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Role of national framework in the process of development of the airport-related zones of largest cities
Veretennikova Kseniia

Post-graduate student, Assistant, the department of City Development, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering

190005, Russia, Sankt-Peterburg, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. 2 Krasnoarmeiskaya, 4, kab. 308A
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This article is dedicated to determination of the role of natural framework within the structure of airport-related zones of largest cities.  The object of this research is the natural framework of the airport-related zones, while the subject is the forms of their effective use. The work considers the problems of development of the airport-related zones on the example of St. Petersburg Pulkovo Airport, factors of its dynamic urbanization and consequences of the unregulated construction. The author systematized the approaches towards implementation of the principle of environmental sustainability in foreign strategic documents on development of the territories adjacent to airport. The need is substantiated for creation of the universal developments strategy for the territories adjacent to airport, using the natural framework as an important planning element that allows ensuring sustainable development of the near-airport territory. The article determines the roles of natural framework and recommendations on its formation within the near-airport zones of largest cities. It is established that the natural framework consolidated in the complex strategic document of development of the near-airport territory, as well as the territorial planning documents, can manifest as an instrument for creating the balanced and efficient development of territories adjacent to airport.

Keywords: spontaneous development, urbanization, airport-related territories, airport integration, ecological landscape, sustainable development, natural framework, development strategy, Pulkovo, territorial planning



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