Anti-corruption measures in the sphere of education: concept and classifications
Abstract.The subject of this research is the legislative regulations of the Russian Federation on education, anti-corruption management, bylaws and departmental normative legal acts, as well as the local normative acts of educational organizations that enshrine the anti-corruption security measures. The article carefully examines the role and place of anti-corruption security measures within the corruption prevention system. The author demarcates the security measures and other preventative measures (social preventative measures, compensation measures, and responsibility measures). Particular attention is given to classification of the anti-corruption security measures in the sphere of education. The conducted research allows determining the characteristic features of security measures in educational sphere, as well as formulate their definition. An important methodological importance for ensuring the systemic approach within the framework of corruption prevention in the sphere of education consists in allocation of the security rules and security sanctions in the content of security measures in the sphere of education. Unlike the responsibility sanctions (punishment), the implementation of security sanctions in educational sphere does not require the determination of all constituent elements of the corruption-related offence (legal infraction). The ground for implementation of anti-corruption security sanctions in the sphere of education is the occurrence of legal fact stated in the security rules. The anti-corruption security rules in the sphere of education encapsulate the anti-corruption responsibilities, prohibitions and limitations established with regards to the employees of educational sphere.
Keywords: standards of conduct, security sanction, security rules, security measures, crime prevention, corruption, duties, prohibitions, restrictions, education
Article was received:01-06-2018
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