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Evolution of approaches to the problem of Other/Alien: from philosophical comprehension to the phenomenon of Other/Alien as an object of historical-culturological discourse
Abstract.This article is dedicated to the examination of evolution of the theoretical-methodological approaches towards comprehension of the phenomenon of Other/Alien as an object of historical-culturological discourse. The authors hold the view that initially the phenomenon of otherness was a subject of philosophical comprehension, but with the development of scientific thought, technologies and mediatization of the modern society, the problem of Other/Alien acquires a qualitatively new characteristic. The interest to the phenomenon of Other/Alien is not coincidental, as its defined primarily due to the escalated attention from mass media, journalism, literature, politics and other spheres of social life. However the key problem at that level is the method of labeling of Other/Alien. This article represents a continuation of the studies on evolution of the theoretical-methodological approaches to the problem of Other/Alien. The previous worked has already dicussed the interest of the ancient authors, medieval theologians, and thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment of Modern History to this problem, as well as the philosophes of such disciplines as phenomenology (E. Husserl), ethical philosophy (E. Levinas), existentialism (J-P. Sartre). In the current article, the authors reveal the approaches to the problem of Other/Alien in the works of M. M. Bakhtin, B. Waldenfels, P. Ricœurl; postmodernists J. Derrida, G. Deleuze, F. Guattari; structural psychoanalyst J. Lacan; theoretician of orientalism E. Said; and other post-colonialists, supporters of small groups (SubAltern Studies), Russian culturologists and historians.
Keywords: Vision, Body without organs, SubAltern Studies, Structural psychoanalysis, Postcolonialism, Postmodernism, Alien, Other, Orientalism, Otherness
Article was received:14-06-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .