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Status Motivation of Consumption of Art
Ushkarev Alexander Anatol'evich

PhD in Art History

senior researcher at State Institute for Art Studies

125009, Russia, g. Moscow, per. Kozitskii, 5
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The question about the sources of human's attitude to art has always been a nettlesome issue. However, numerous attempts to explain such complex phenomena as human's attitude to art or one's taste for art with simple causes as age, education and other measurable properties of the audience do not allow to explain consumer behavior but result in ignoring important potential determinants including motivation. In this article Ushkarev tries to answer the question about the influence of different kinds of motivation on one's attitude to art and the role of status motivation. The research is based on econometric tools and analysis of the results of surveys carried out at State Tretyakov Gallery as part of the project that is aimed at analyzing the audience of the Gallery and has been carried out by State Institute for Art Studies. The following results have been obtained as a result of the research. First of all, the researcher has described three basic kinds of motivation attributable to consumers of art: recreational, substantial and status motivations. The author has also managed to define and measure the relationship between cultural activity and the degree of cultural capital and respondent's motivation. The results of the research prove a significant positive influence of substantial motivation on the intensity of art consumption while recreational motivation turns out to be an essential factor of a negative influence on the intensity of cultural consumption. At the same time, the author has not discovered a conclusive evidence that there is a status effect of education as Pierre Bourdieu described it. For Moscow cultural audience the status effect of education is most likely to have a theoretical nature in terms of consumption of culture services. The author also demonstrates that despite a usual negative connotation of the term, status motivation plays a positive role for consumption of art. 

Keywords: Cultural Activity, Status motivation, Substantial motivation, Recreational motivation, Intensity of cultural consumption, The status effect of education, Cognitive competence, Econometric analysis of motivation, Abnormal consumer behavior, Consumption of art



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