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The Position of the Turkish Press and the Image of the Soviet Union in the Turkish Press at the Very Beginning of the Second World War
Abstract.The subject of this study is the examination of the position of the Turkish press at the very beginning of the Second World War. As the research object of this article, the author put together a set of the leading Turkish newspapers of the time: "Tasvir-i Efkâr (Depiction of Ideas)", "Cumhuriyet (Republic)", "Ulus (People)", "Tan (Dawn)", "Son Posta (Last Post)" , "Akşam (Evening)", "İkdam (Advancement)" and "Vakit (Time)". The author considers various press publications and analyzes the social and political transformations of the Turkish Republic. He also describes the image of the USSR in the periodic press of Turkey in the early days of the Second World War. The methodological basis of this research is constructed on the basic principles of modern historical science: historicism and scientific objectivity, as well as the general scientific methods: analysis and synthesis. The scientific novelty of the presented study lies in the very formulation of the named topic: on the basis of an analysis of the Turkish press, the author seeks to reveal the image of the Soviet Union in the Turkish Republic in the early days of the Second World War. The article's main conclusion is that during the initial period of the Second World War, the Turkish press, on the whole, contained varying opinions on the major international issues of the time, without becoming uniquely on the side of Germany.
Keywords: Image of USSR, Turkish Press, Neutrality of Turkey, World War II, International Relations, Foreign Policy of Turkey, History of Turkey, Mass Media, Newspaper, USSR
Article was received:17-08-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .