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Criminological and Forensic Description of Violence Committed at Penitentiaries of the CIS States
Abstract.The purpose of the article is to present a comprehensive description of violence at penitentiary institutions (hereinafter referred to as PI) in the Republic of Kazakhstan taking into account the current realities. The authors reflect the qualitative and quantitative parameters of violent crime at penitentiary institutions typical for Russia and Kazakhstan. The author identifies a complex of factors influencing the formation of antisocial views in places of detention, and modern trends affecting the strengthening of criminal manifestations by convicts serving sentences at penitentiary institutions. A comprehensive approach to the criminological and forensic description of violent crime in modern conditions, including organized criminal groups in Russia and Kazakhstan, has been carried out. The main focus of the article is on the organizational and managerial factor that is associated with the insufficient activity of the administration of the PI itself and the omissions that they make. The author's position on the main reasons for the increase in the aggressiveness of convicts and the high latency of the observed penitentiary crime in prisons is presented. The author of the article substantiates and argues the circumstances that require an integrated approach to the study of such a complex and multifaceted nature of violent crime in the penitentiary institution, which allows you to determine the most effective tactics to counter this socially dangerous phenomenon. The structural elements of the criminological and forensic characteristics that determine the specificity of the crimes committed by the special contingent of the PI are shown. Thus, the criminology and forensic characterization described in the article covers a fairly wide range of their elements. This makes it possible to study this element from complex positions facilitating the development of an investigation technique for this category of crimes.
Keywords: victim, personality, violence, criminogenic factors, counteraction to crime, criminal manifestations, places of deprivation of liberty, special contingent, penitentiaries, convicted
Article was received:17-07-2018
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .